50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need To Know

50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know PDF
Author: Ben Dupre
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0857383965
Size: 63.88 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 4770

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Have you ever lain awake at night fretting over how we can be sure of the reality of the external world? Perhaps we are in fact disembodied brains, floating in vats at the whim of some deranged puppet-master? If so, you are not alone - and what's more, you are in exalted company. For this question and others like it have been the stuff of philosophical rumination for centuries, from Plato to Popper. In a series of accessible and engaging essays, 50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know introduces and explains the problems of knowledge, consciousness, identity, ethics, belief, justice and aesthetics that have troubled the minds of great thinkers for centuries, from the ancient Greeks to the present day. Contents include: The brain in a vat, Plato's cave, Cogito ergo sum, The mind-body problem, The boo/hurrah theory, Ends and means, The categorical imperative, Acts and omissions, The rights of animals, The gambler's fallacy, Paradigm shifts, Occam's razor, Positive and negative freedom, Theories of punishment and Just war.

50 Philosophy Of Science Ideas You Really Need To Know

50 Philosophy of Science Ideas You Really Need to Know PDF
Author: Gareth Southwell
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1782061428
Size: 57.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 1643

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Science first began as a branch of philosophy, but it has since grown up and moved out of the family home, and its successes have put its parent in the shade. Thanks to scientific knowledge we have walked on the Moon, cured once-fatal illnesses, and even identified the very building blocks of life and the universe. But it is these very successes that underline the need for philosophy. How much should we trust the pronouncements of scientists that we read in the media? What are the ethical implications of our delving into the foundations of our DNA, reproductive treatments, or artificially prolonging life? And are there limits to what science can tell us about the world we think we know? In straightforward and accessible terms, 50 Philosophy of Science Ideas You Really Need to Know explains the key philosophical questions that continue to lie at the heart of the nature and practice of science today. The ideas explored include: Appearance and reality; Knowledge; Anti-realism; Metaphysics; Science and gender; Phenomenology and science.

50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need To Know

50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know PDF
Author: Ben Dupré
Publisher: Quercus
ISBN: 0857383965
Size: 64.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 4434

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Have you ever lain awake at night fretting over how we can be sure of the reality of the external world? Perhaps we are in fact disembodied brains, floating in vats at the whim of some deranged puppet-master? If so, you are not alone - and what's more, you are in exalted company. For this question and others like it have been the stuff of philosophical rumination for centuries, from Plato to Popper. In a series of accessible and engaging essays, 50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know introduces and explains the problems of knowledge, consciousness, identity, ethics, belief, justice and aesthetics that have troubled the minds of great thinkers for centuries, from the ancient Greeks to the present day. Contents include: The brain in a vat, Plato's cave, Cogito ergo sum, The mind-body problem, The boo/hurrah theory, Ends and means, The categorical imperative, Acts and omissions, The rights of animals, The gambler's fallacy, Paradigm shifts, Occam's razor, Positive and negative freedom, Theories of punishment and Just war.

50 Ethics Ideas You Really Need To Know

50 Ethics Ideas You Really Need To Know PDF
Author: Ben Dupre
Publisher: Quercus Books
ISBN: 174351638X
Size: 57.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 6577

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Questions of ethics - about how we should act, our responsibilities to one another, the difference between right and wrong - have long been debated by philosophers the world over and form the foundations of government, culture and religion. Here, in concise, easy-to-read chapters, Ben Dupré explains the fundamentals of this discipline and how it is relevant to our lives today. Covering essential ethical concepts, including relativism, the golden rule and utilitarianism, as well as high-profile issues such as terrorism, censorship and the death penalty, 50 Ethics Ideas You Really Need to Know will lead you through the moral maze - and rattle your conscience in the process. The ideas explored include: Free will Animal liberation Right and wrong Torture Genetic engineering The environment The sanctity of life Poverty

50 Big Ideas You Really Need To Know

50 Big Ideas You Really Need to Know PDF
Author: Ben Dupre
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1849165602
Size: 42.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 951

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50 Big Ideas You Really Need to Know is a concise, accessible and popular guide to the central tenets of Western thought. Every important principle of philosophy, religion, politics, economics, the arts and the sciences is profiled in a series of short illustrated essays, complemented by an informative array of timelines and box features.

50 Big Ideas You Really Need To Know

50 Big Ideas You Really Need to Know PDF
Author: Ben Dupré
Publisher: Quercus
ISBN: 1849165602
Size: 56.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 6111

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50 Big Ideas You Really Need to Know is a concise, accessible and popular guide to the central tenets of Western thought. Every important principle of philosophy, religion, politics, economics, the arts and the sciences is profiled in a series of short illustrated essays, complemented by an informative array of timelines and box features.

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Author: ريتشارد باخ
Publisher: Al-Karma Books
ISBN: 9776467601
Size: 37.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Fiction
Languages : ar
Pages : 104
View: 1720

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· تربَّع هذا الكتاب لعدة سنوات على قائمة الكتب الأكثر مبيعًا، وما زال يُلهم الملايين منذ صدوره · تشمل هذه الطبعة الجديدة الكاملة، لأول مرة بالعربية، الجزء الرابع الذي لم يُنشر قبل عام 2013، ورسالة من المؤلف هذه حكاية الذين يتبعون قلوبهم، ويصنعون قوانينهم الخاصة؛ الذين يستمتعون بعمل الأشياء بدقة وأمانة، حتى لو كانت لأنفسهم فقط؛ الذين يعرفون أن في هذه الحياة ما هو أغلى مما تراه أعيننا: هؤلاء سيطيرون مع «جوناثان» أعلى وأسرع وأبعد مما كانوا يحلمون. قصة «جوناثان ليفنجستون» هي قصة نورس تغلَّب على حدود طبيعته، وعلى مجتمعه، ليصل إلى المراتب العليا من المعرفة، وليعود بها إلى أقرانه فينشر ما عرفه.

50 Political Ideas You Really Need To Know

50 Political Ideas You Really Need to Know PDF
Author: Ben Dupré
Publisher: Quercus
ISBN: 1849165696
Size: 54.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 1815

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At a time of widespread popular cynicism and profound international unease, the need for clarity over the basic concepts of politics has never been greater. The forces of Fundamentalism endanger our Liberty and Security, while government responses to it may pose a basic threat to Justice, Democracy and Human rights. Corruption, War and Tyranny arouse public indignation which is often inflamed by Propaganda, the blandishments of Political parties and the far-from-disinterested attentions of the Media. The proper limits of the State; the legitimacy of Revolution and Political violence; the ideological tensions between Socialism, Liberalism and Capitalism; the challenges posed by Poverty, Crime and Racism: these and other ideas are essential in interpreting the current political debate and modes of government. In 50 Political Ideas You Really Need to Know, Ben Dupré provides a clear, concise account of key concepts that we ignore at our peril.

                                            PDF
Author: كارل ماركس
Publisher: Al Manhal
ISBN:
Size: 56.75 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : ar
Pages : 840
View: 2244

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إن ماركس وإنجلز ينشدان في الأيديولوجية الألمانية دراسة الإنسان الفعلي، الإنسان الحي، الإنسان في التاريخ. وإنهما ليؤكدان بلا كلل على فعالية الإنسان العملية الثورية، التي سوف تغير الإنسان نفسه من جراء تغيير الشروط الاجتماعية التي يحيا فيها. إن وجود البشر الاجتماعي هو الذي يقرر وعيهم الاجتماعي؛ ولذا فإن الواجب يدعونا لأن نبدأ بدراسة الواقع الاجتماعي الحسي، دراسة «العلاقات التجريبية»؛ لأن هذه العلاقات هي التي تفسر تصوراتنا وأفكارنا، وليس العكس كما يحسب الأيديولوجيون الذين «تصبح الفكرة المجردة عندهم القوة المحركة للتاريخ، بحيث يرتد التاريخ إلى تاريخ الفلسفة»، أو إلى «مجرد عملية تطور الوعي». وكونهما يرفضان هذا التصور، فإن ماركس وإنجلز يرسمان الخطوط الكبرى لتصور جديد للتاريخ، إنهما «يهبطان من السماء إلى الأرض»، وينطلقان في دراسة تاريخ البشر، ويستخلصان الفكرة الخصبة القائلة: إنّ المحرك الفعلي للتاريخ هو من دون الفكر إنتاج الحاجات الإنسانية. إن جميع الثورات وما آلت إليه من عواقب تحددها شروط وجود الناس وحاجاتهم المادية؛ ومن هنا فإن العمل -العمل المنتج- وأشكال تقسيمه هي التي تشكل «مسرح التاريخ الحقيقي». ولما كانت حاجات البشر تتغير باستمرار وتتطور وتتعدد وتختلف من عصر إلى عصر، فإن هذه التبدلات هي التي تقوم في أصل التحولات الاجتماعية. ولذا كانت بنية المجتمع وقفًا على نمط الإنتاج القائم تاريخيًّا، وإن كل نمط للإنتاج ينطوي على نمط معين للتعاون، وبالتالي على شكل معين للعلاقات الاجتماعية. وعلى العموم، فإن نمط الإنتاج مرتبط بطبيعة القوى الإنتاجية التي كوّنها وطورها التاريخ السابق للجنس البشري.

                              PDF
Author: أفلاطون
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 23.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political science
Languages : ar
Pages : 288
View: 4865

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