A Polish Doctor In The Nazi Camps

A Polish Doctor in the Nazi Camps PDF
Author: Barbara Rylko-Bauer
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806145862
Size: 29.90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 5683

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Jadwiga Lenartowicz Rylko, known as Jadzia (Yah′-jah), was a young Polish Catholic physician in Lódz at the start of World War II. Suspected of resistance activities, she was arrested in January 1944. For the next fifteen months, she endured three Nazi concentration camps and a forty-two-day death march, spending part of this time working as a prisoner-doctor to Jewish slave laborers. A Polish Doctor in the Nazi Camps follows Jadzia from her childhood and medical training, through her wartime experiences, to her struggles to create a new life in the postwar world. Jadzia’s daughter, anthropologist Barbara Rylko-Bauer, constructs an intimate ethnography that weaves a personal family narrative against a twentieth-century historical backdrop. As Rylko-Bauer travels back in time with her mother, we learn of the particular hardships that female concentration camp prisoners faced. The struggle continued after the war as Jadzia attempted to rebuild her life, first as a refugee doctor in Germany and later as an immigrant to the United States. Like many postwar immigrants, Jadzia had high hopes of making new connections and continuing her career. Unable to surmount personal, economic, and social obstacles to medical licensure, however, she had to settle for work as a nurse’s aide. As a contribution to accounts of wartime experiences, Jadzia’s story stands out for its sensitivity to the complexities of the Polish memory of war. Built upon both historical research and conversations between mother and daughter, the story combines Jadzia’s voice and Rylko-Bauer’s own journey of rediscovering her family’s past. The result is a powerful narrative about struggle, survival, displacement, and memory, augmenting our understanding of a horrific period in human history and the struggle of Polish immigrants in its aftermath.

War In The Shadow Of Auschwitz

War in the Shadow of Auschwitz PDF
Author: John Wiernicki
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815607229
Size: 69.27 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 3728

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1943: Polish underground fighter John Wiernicki is captured and beaten by the Gestapo, then shipped to Auschwitz. In this chilling memoir, Wiernicki, a Gentile, details "life" in the infamous death camp, and his battle to survive, physically and morally, in the face of utter evil. The author begins by remembering his aristocratic youth, an idyllic time shattered by German invasion. The ensuing dark days of occupation would fire the adolescent Wiernicki with a burning desire to serve Poland, a cause that led him to valiant action and eventual arrest. As a young non-Jew, Wiernicki was acutely sensitive to the depravity and injustice that engulfed him at Auschwitz. He bears witness to the harrowing selection and extermination of Jews doomed by birth to the gas chambers, to savage camp policies, brutal SS doctors, and rampant corruption with the system. He notes the difference in treatment between Jews and non-Jews. And he relives fearful unexpected encounters with two notorious "Angels of Death": Josef Mengele and Heinz Thilo. War in the Shadow of Auschwitz is an important historical and personal document. Its vivid portrait of prewar and wartime Poland, and of German concentration camps, provides a significant addition to the growing body of testimony by gentile survivors and a heartfelt contribution to fostering comprehension and understanding.

Mielec Poland

Mielec  Poland PDF
Author: Rochelle G. Saidel
Publisher: Gefen Publishing House Ltd
ISBN: 9652295299
Size: 10.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 230
View: 3398

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The book''s 45 visuals include rare documentation of correspondence during the Holocaust. Author Dr Rochelle G Saidel''s research was carried out as a Research Fellow at the Yad Vashem International Research Institute, as well as under the auspices of Remember the Women Institute. Mielec, Poland, is just one of many small dots on the map of the Holocaust, but its remarkable and unique history calls for closer scrutiny. Using an experimental process that was not repeated, the Nazis destroyed the Mielec Jewish community on March 9, 1942. After murdering those deemed too old or disabled to be useful, the German occupiers selected able-bodied survivors (mostly men) for slave labour and then deported the rest (4,000 mostly women, some with children) to another sector of the Generalgouvernement, the Lublin district. This process was recorded not only by the Nazis, but also by some members of the local Jewish and non-Jewish population. The visual and written documentation in this book allows us to learn about the Jewish community that had flourished in Mielec until the Holocaust, as well as the unusual way in which it was wiped out by the Nazis. In addition, testimonies and war criminal trial records describe an almost unknown brutal slave labour camp that operated on the outskirts of Mielec from before March 1942 until July 1944. Mielec is located in the Rzeszów province in southern Poland, quite close to Tarnów (and was in the Kraków district of the Generalgouvernement). Both the Jewish community and the concentration camp of Mielec have almost vanished from history, and evidence at the site is sparse. Nevertheless, what happened there can be recounted using old and new testimonies, rare photographs and documents, survivor interviews, and archival material. With the exception of a small number of people fortunate enough to survive by running and hiding, the entire population was murdered, sent to slave labor camps, or later deported to death camps from the Lublin district. Mielec was the first town in the Generalgouvernement from which the entire Jewish population was deported in the context of the Final Solution. The Nazis'' well-documented decision to deport the Jews of Mielec was made very early, in January 1942. Furthermore, after deportation to the Lublin district following an Aktion on March 9, 1942, the Mielec Jews were not murdered immediately. They were allowed to live for months under terrible circumstances in some of the small towns in that district, near Sobibór and Bełżec. Ultimately these two death camps would be the final destination for Mielec''s Jews. Another unusual aspect of the Mielec story is the labor camp that was located there. The site of the Polish National Aircraft Company (PZL), part of a Centralny Okreg Przemysłowy (Central Industrial District), was taken over by the Nazis for the manufacture of Heinkel airplanes. Later this work camp became a concentration camp, complete with tattoos and sadistic commandants. Despite these facts, histories of the Holocaust rarely mention Mielec. Today, this site is a Euro-Park industrial complex. The rare visuals about Mielec during the Holocaust are from survivor Moshe Borger (who was given a photograph album and correspondence by a Polish neighbour after World War II), from archives (the deportation), from research trips to Mielec, and from other survivors. Very early and much more recent survivor testimonies, as well as Nazi documentation, help to tell the story. The author interviewed survivors and also found Nazi war criminal trial records. Material from the unpublished manuscript of a Mielec concentration camp survivor and from the diary and unpublished manuscript of a Mielec shtetl survivor are included, as is testimony from a Mielec resident who was one of ten women to survive the Sobibór revolt. Research was carried out in Yad Vashem, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Jewish Historical Research Institute in Warsaw, and on site in Mielec.

With A Yellow Star And A Red Cross

With a Yellow Star and a Red Cross PDF
Author: Arnold Mostowicz
Size: 27.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 245
View: 451

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Described by the book's Polish publisher as a literary take on the author's experience in the Lodz ghetto and the Nazi concentration camps. Arnold Mostowicz, a Polish Jew was a doctor in the Lodz ghetto and intermittently in the camps. He was a witness to and participant in situations that have received little attention. The book contains a unique account of a worker demonstration in 1940, and a description of the Gypsy camp that the Nazis had created on the edge of the Lodz ghetto. It also gives an analysis of how the antagonism between the Lodz Jews and the German and Czech Jews, deported to the ghetto, played itself out in everyday life.

Medicine And Medical Ethics In Nazi Germany

Medicine and Medical Ethics in Nazi Germany PDF
Author: Francis R. Nicosia
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9780857456922
Size: 61.63 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 180
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The participation of German physicians in medical experiments on innocent people and mass murder is one of the most disturbing aspects of the Nazi era and the Holocaust. Six distinguished historians working in this field are addressing the critical issues raised by these murderous experiments, such as the place of the Holocaust in the larger context of eugenic and racial research, the motivation and roles of the German medical establishment, and the impact and legacy of the eugenics movements and Nazi medical practice on physicians and medicine since World War II. Based on the authors' original scholarship, these essays offer an excellent and very accessible introduction to an important and controversial subject. They are also particularly relevant in light of current controversies over the nature and application of research in human genetics and biotechnology.

The Seventh Miracle

The Seventh Miracle PDF
Author: Jorge I. Klainman
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 9781465321572
Size: 30.69 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 193
View: 4062

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The Seventh Miracle by Jorge I. Klainman Edited & Translated from the Spanish by Kal Wagenheim Copyright 1999 Winter 1943. A Nazi concentration camp in Poland. A fifteen-year-old Jewish boy stands naked, shivering, at the edge of a deep ditch. He and several other prisoners have been marked for death by the psychopathic camp commandant. Ukrainian guards, holding machine guns, accompanied by snarling dogs, wait for the command to fire. "My mind refused to comprehend the reality of what was happening. The end had come. They were going to shoot me and burn me. I thought of my loved ones, and that soon I would be joining them. I thought of the tremendous pain caused by bullets penetrating my body. My teeth chattered so hard that my gums hurt. It was total madness....I reached a state of mind where I just wanted, with all my being, to get it over with....Many of the condemned prayed aloud, others looked straight ahead without seeing...One of the Ukrainians pushed me into the hole. After that, I blanked out." More than half a century later, Jorge Klainman, the author of this harrowing -- and ultimately inspiring -- memoir, tells how he miraculously survived, after the guards opened fire, and left him for dead. Klainman, who lost his entire family in The Holocaust, vividly depicts the horror of life, and death, in a series of Nazi concentration camps. Yet it is also a tribute to the resiliency of the human spirit. In many ways, it epitomizes the triumph of the Jewish people whodespite the Holocausthave prevailed. The story begins in Poland, where, before the Nazi invasion of 1939, Klainmans family enjoyed a prosperous life. His odyssey continues through a series of Nazi camps, where the teenage Klainman, through ingenuity, the occasional kindness of strangers, and plain good luck, manages to elude death. At the conclusion of World War II, Klainman begins a heartbreaking, fruitless search for surviving members of his family, which ultimately leads to his suffering a nervous breakdown. Finally, in 1947, he makes contact with a long-lost aunt in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He experiences more adventures during the journey from the Old World to the New. Twenty-eight years later, Klainman, now married, with a successful business in Argentina, travels to Italy, to exhume the remains of his beloved brother, another victim of the Holocaust, to transport them to Israel.. In an emotional ceremony, with family and friends present, the remains are buried in a Tel Aviv cemetery, as Klainman recites the Kaddish, the Prayer for the Dead. Twenty years after that, in 1998, Klainman, now a grandfather, returns with his wife Teresa to his birthplace, Poland. He has come full circle, standing frozen at the front door of the apartment where his family once lived, and, later, on the edge of the ditch in the camp where he was shot and left for dead. Jorge Klainman began writing this memoir (about 70,000 words) on his sixty-eighth birthday, on March 28, 1996. It is related with remarkable restraint, understatement, and, even, with occasional surprising touches of humor. In the moving prologue to his story, he explains: "In October 1947, when a train left me at the...railroad station of Buenos Aires, I was nineteen, and I began a new life. "At that moment, I wrapped up all the memories of the previous twelve years and buried them in a deep well of my mind. There they remained, hidden and protected by a wall of silence that I had built, brick by brick. At the time, it seemed like the only way I could go on living. On my sixty-eighth birthday, I decided to take a pickaxe and knock down that

Doctors From Hell

Doctors from Hell PDF
Author: Vivien Spitz
Publisher: Sentient Publications
ISBN: 1591810329
Size: 58.90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 318
View: 523

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Provides a chilling account of the experiments and scientific research performed on human subjects, primarily concentration camp inmates, by Nazi physicians, based on previously unpublished photographs and documents used during the Nuremberg trials.

Country Of Ash

Country of Ash PDF
Author: Edward Reicher
Publisher: Bellevue Literary Press
ISBN: 1934137596
Size: 15.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 499

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“[Dr. Reicher] lived through the Second World War in Poland, dodging bullets, uprisings and deportations—not to mention betrayal, starvation and airless hideouts—in a manner more reminiscent of a talented outlaw than a mild-mannered dermatologist . . . It is the impressive simplicity of the good doctor’s writing that makes [t]his book resemble [Victor] Klemperer’s, and the detailed observations of its report that makes it emotionally memorable. . . . William Carlos Williams once said that people who prize information are perishing daily for want of the information that can be found only in poetry. By the same token, there will never be a time when we will not need the information that an important, evocative book like Country of Ash provides.” —VIVIAN GORNICK, Moment magazine Country of Ash is the starkly compelling, original chronicle of a Jewish doctor who miraculously survived near-certain death, first inside the Lodz and Warsaw ghettoes, where he was forced to treat the Gestapo, then on the Aryan side of Warsaw, where he hid under numerous disguises. He clandestinely recorded the terrible events he witnessed, but his manuscript disappeared during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. After the war, reunited with his wife and young daughter, he rewrote his story. Peopled with historical figures like the controversial Chaim Rumkowski, who fancied himself a king of the Jews, to infamous Nazi commanders and dozens of Jews and non-Jews who played cat and mouse with death throughout the war, Reicher’s memoir is about a community faced with extinction and the chance decisions and strokes of luck that kept a few stunned souls alive. Edward Reicher (1900–1975) was born in Lodz, Poland. He graduated with a degree in medicine from the University of Warsaw, later studied dermatology in Paris and Vienna, and practiced in Lodz as a dermatologist and venereal disease specialist both before and after World War II. A Jewish survivor of Nazi-occupied Poland, Reicher appeared at a tribunal in Salzburg to identify Hermann Höfle and give an eyewitness account of Höfle’s role in Operation Reinhard, which sent hundreds of thousands to their deaths in the Nazi concentration camps of Poland. Country of Ash, first published posthumously in France, was translated from the French by Magda Bogin and includes a foreword by Edward Reicher’s daughter Elisabeth Bizouard-Reicher.


Author: Nikolaus Wachsmann
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 364118892X
Size: 51.16 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 992
View: 7426

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"Ergreifend, zutiefst menschlich und großartig erzählt." (Sir Richard Evans) Ein historisches Werk, das seinesgleichen sucht: Nikolaus Wachsmanns lang erwartete, monumentale Geschichte der Konzentrationslager von den improvisierten Anfängen 1933 bis zu ihrer Auflösung 1945. Diese erste umfassende Darstellung vereint auf eindrückliche Weise sowohl die Perspektive der Täter als auch jene der Opfer, sie zeigt die monströse Dynamik der Vernichtungspolitik und verleiht zugleich den Gefangenen und Gequälten eine Stimme. Ein gewaltiges Buch – erschütternd und erhellend zugleich. Für seine Geschichte der Konzentrationslager hat Nikolaus Wachsmann eine enorme Menge an Quellen und Forschungsliteratur ausgewertet, Tagebücher und Briefe der Lagerinsassen, Prozessunterlagen, SS- und Polizeiakten, ein Teil davon erstmals hier verwendet. Auf diese Weise konnte er die Praktiken der Täter, die Einstellungen der Gesellschaft und die Welt der Opfer in einem großen epischen Rahmen zusammenführen, konnte das Leben und Sterben im Lager, die individuellen Schicksale schildern, aber auch die politischen, ökonomischen und militärischen Umstände, die Hintergründe der NS-Vernichtungspolitik. Beides, die Nahaufnahme wie die historische Entwicklung, vereint Wachsmann zu einer eindringlichen Erzählung – ein historisches Werk, das, wie Ian Kershaw schreibt »kaum jemals übertroffen werden wird«.

My Hometown Concentration Camp

My Hometown Concentration Camp PDF
Author: Bernard Offen
Size: 30.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 133
View: 5738

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My Hometown Concentration Camp tells the story of the young Bernard Offen's endurance and survival of the KrakÃ?Â?Ã?Â?Ã?Â?Ã?Â3w Ghetto and five concentration camps, including PlaszÃ?Â?Ã?Â?Ã?Â?Ã?Â3w and Auschwitz-Birkenau, until his liberation near Dachau by American troops in 1945. The author tells of his experiences in the ghetto and camps and how he set out, after the war, in search of his brothers, eventually finding them in Italy with the Polish Army. Having returned to the United States, Bernard Offen was drafted into the US Army to serve in the Korean War. After the war, he founded his own business and built a family, both helping to restore a sense of normality to his life. This was the start of his own unique process of healing that led, ultimately, to his retirement and decision to dedicate his life to educating audiences around the world about his experiences during the Holocaust. Bernard Offen's story recounts his one-man journey across America, Europe, Israel, and back to his native Poland, and his development as a filmmaker, educator, and healer. My Hometown Concentration Camp will touch readers through the strength of the author's self-determination to attempt to confront and conquer the traumatic experiences he witnessed as a young man.