American Political History

American Political History PDF
Author: Donald T. Critchlow
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199340056
Size: 50.54 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 150
View: 7687

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"American Political History : A Very Short Introduction captures the richness of American political history, focusing primarily on national politics. It explores the nature of the two-party system, key turning points in American political history, representative presidential and congressional elections, struggles to expand the electorate, and critical social protest and third-party movements"--Provided by publisher

American History

American History PDF
Author: Paul S. Boyer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019538914X
Size: 53.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 161
View: 837

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This volume in Oxford's A Very Short Introduction series offers a concise, readable narrative of the vast span of American history, from the earliest human migrations to the early twenty-first century when the United States loomed as a global power and comprised a complex multi-cultural society of more than 300 million people. The narrative is organized around major interpretive themes, with facts and dates introduced as needed to illustrate these themes. The emphasis throughout is on clarity and accessibility to the interested non-specialist.

American Business History A Very Short Introduction

American Business History  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Walter A. Friedman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190622474
Size: 51.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 176
View: 3946

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By the early twentieth century, it became common to describe the United States as a "business civilization." President Coolidge in 1925 said, "The chief business of the American people is business." More recently, historian Sven Beckert characterized Henry Ford's massive manufactory as the embodiment of America: "While Athens had its Parthenon and Rome its Colosseum, the United States had its River Rouge Factory in Detroit..." How did business come to assume such power and cultural centrality in America? This volume explores the variety of business enterprise in the United States and analyzes its presence in the country's economy, its evolution over time, and its meaning in society. It introduces readers to formative business leaders (including Elbert Gary, Harlow Curtice, and Mary Kay Ash), leading firms (Mellon Bank, National Cash Register, Xerox), and fiction about business people (The Octopus, Babbitt, The Man in the Grey Flannel Suit). It also discusses Alfred Chandler, Joseph Schumpeter, Mira Wilkins, and others who made significant contributions to understanding of America's business history. This VSI pursues its three central themes - the evolution, scale, and culture of American business - in a chronological framework stretching from the American Revolution to today. The first theme is evolution: How has U.S. business evolved over time? How have American companies competed with one another and with foreign firms? Why have ideas about strategy and management changed? Why did business people in the mid-twentieth century celebrate an "organizational" culture promising long-term employment in the same company, while a few decades later entrepreneurship was prized? Second is scale: Why did business assume such enormous scale in the United States? Was the rise of gigantic corporations due to the industriousness of its population, or natural resources, or government policies? And third, culture: What are the characteristics of a "business civilization"? How have opinions on the meaning of business changed? In the late nineteenth century, Andrew Carnegie believed that America's numerous enterprises represented an exuberant "triumph of democracy." After World War II, however, sociologist William H. Whyte saw business culture as stultifying, and historian Richard Hofstadter wrote, "Once great men created fortunes; today a great system creates fortunate men." How did changes in the nature of business affect popular views? Walter A. Friedman provides the long view of these important developments.

History A Very Short Introduction

History  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: John Arnold
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191606375
Size: 36.77 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 7765

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There are many stories we can tell about the past, and we are not, perhaps, as free as we might imagine in our choice of which stories to tell, or where those stories end. John Arnold's Very Short Introduction is a stimulating essay about how we study and understand history. The book begins by inviting us to think about various questions provoked by our investigation of history, and explores the ways these questions have been answered in the past. Concepts such as causation, interpretation, and periodization, are introduced by means of concrete examples of how historians work, giving the reader a sense of the excitement of discovering not only the past, but also ourselves. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Diplomacy A Very Short Introduction

Diplomacy  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Joseph M. Siracusa
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199588503
Size: 17.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 139
View: 3601

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Diplomacy means different things to different people, the definitions ranging from the elegant ("the management of relations between independent states by the process of negotiations") to the jocular ("the art of saying 'nice doggie' until you can find a rock"). Written by Joseph M. Siracusa, an internationally recognized expert, this lively volume introduces the subject of diplomacy from a historical perspective, providing examples from significant historical phases and episodes to illustrate the art of diplomacy in action, highlighting the milestones in its evolution. The book shows that, like war, diplomacy has been around a very long time, at least since the Bronze Age. It was primitive by today's standards, there were few rules, but it was a recognizable form of diplomacy. Since then, diplomacy has evolved greatly, to the extent that the major events of modern international diplomacy have dramatically shaped the world in which we live. Indeed, the case studies chosen here demonstrate that diplomacy was and remains a key element of statecraft, and that without skilful diplomacy political success may remain elusive.

Machiavelli

Machiavelli PDF
Author: Quentin Skinner
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198837577
Size: 30.35 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 1170

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Niccolo Machiavelli taught that political leaders must be prepared to do evil so that good may come of it, and his name has been a byword ever since for duplicity and immorality. Is his sinister reputation deserved? In answering this question Quentin Skinner traces the course of Machiavelli's adult life, from his time as Second Chancellor of the Florentine republic, during which he met with kings, the pope, and the Holy Roman Emperor; to the fall of the republic in 1512; to his death in 1527. It was after the fall of the Republic that Machiavelli composed his main political works: The Prince, the Discourses, and The History of Florence. In this second edition of his Very Short Introduction Skinner includes new material on The Prince, showing how Machiavelli developed his neo-classical political theory, through engaging in continual dialogue with the ancient Roman moralists and historians, especially Cicero and Livy. The aim of political leaders, Machiavelli argues, should be to act virtuously so far as possible, but to stand ready 'to be not good' when this course of action is dictated by necessity. Exploring the pivotal concept of princely virtu to be found in classical and Renaissance humanist texts, Skinner brings new light to Machiavelli's philosophy of a willingness to do whatever may be necessary - whether moral or otherwise -to maintain a position of power. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Diese Wahrheiten

Diese Wahrheiten PDF
Author: Jill Lepore
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 340673989X
Size: 44.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 1120
View: 197

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"Die Sachbuch-Bestenliste" für November 2019: Platz 1 Die Amerikaner stammen von Eroberern und Eroberten, von Menschen die als Sklaven gehalten wurden, und von Menschen die Sklaven hielten, von der Union und von der Konföderation, von Protestanten und von den Juden, von Muslimen und von Katholiken, von Einwanderern und von Menschen, die dafür gekämpft haben, die Einwanderung zu beenden. In der amerikanischen Geschichte ist manchmal - wie in fast allen Nationalgeschichten - der Schurke des einen der Held des anderen. Aber dieses Argument bezieht sich auf die Fragen der Ideologie: Die Vereinigten Staaten sind auf Basis eines Grundbestands von Ideen und Vorstellungen gegründet worden, aber die Amerikaner sind inzwischen so gespalten, dass sie sich nicht mehr darin einig sind, wenn sie es denn jemals waren, welche Ideen und Vorstellungen das sind und waren." Aus der Einleitung In einer Prosa von funkelnder Schönheit erzählt die preisgekrönte Historikerin Jill Lepore die Geschichte der USA von ihren Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Sie schildert sie im Spiegel jener «Wahrheiten» (Thomas Jefferson), auf deren Fundament die Nation gegründet wurde: der Ideen von der Gleichheit aller Menschen, ihren naturgegebenen Rechten und der Volkssouveränität. Meisterhaft verknüpft sie dabei das widersprüchliche Ringen um den richtigen Weg Amerikas mit den Menschen, die seine Geschichte gestaltet oder durchlitten haben. Sklaverei und Rassendiskriminierung kommen ebenso zur Sprache wie der Kampf für die Gleichberechtigung der Frauen oder die wachsende Bedeutung der Medien. Jill Lepores große Gesamtdarstellung ist aufregend modern und direkt, eine Geschichte der politischen Kultur, die neue Wege beschreitet und das historische Geschehen geradezu hautnah lebendig werden lässt.

Modern France

Modern France PDF
Author: Vanessa R. Schwartz
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195389417
Size: 72.16 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 140
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A lively and informative short volume that shows that France is not a faded glory but rather a place that has defined and shaped the key issues of our contemporary world, such as democracy and universal human rights, the emergence of a culture of consumerist spectacle, the tensions between nationalism and contemporary multiculturalism, and the role of religion in the modern state.

The American Revolution

The American Revolution PDF
Author: Robert J. Allison
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190225068
Size: 70.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 130
View: 5896

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Original edition has subtitle: a concise history.

Nuclear Weapons A Very Short Introduction

Nuclear Weapons  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Joseph M. Siracusa
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191578827
Size: 50.60 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 1613

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Despite not having been used in anger since Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Bomb is still the biggest threat that faces us in the 21st century. As Bill Clinton's first secretary of defence, Les Aspin, aptly put it: 'The Cold War is over, the Soviet Union is no more. But the post-Cold War world is decidedly not post-nuclear'. For all the effort to reduce nuclear stockpiles to zero, it seems that the Bomb is here to stay. This Very Short Introduction reveals why. The history, and politics of the bomb are explained: from the technology of nuclear weapons, to the revolutionary implications of the H-bomb, and the politics of nuclear deterrence. The issues are set against a backdrop of the changing international landscape, from the early days of development, through the Cold War, to the present-day controversy of George W. Bush's National Missile Defence, and the threat and role of nuclear weapons in the so-called Age of Terror. Joseph M. Siracusa provides a comprehensive, accessible, and at times chilling overview of the most deadly weapon ever invented. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.