Critique Of Constructal Theory

Critique of Constructal Theory PDF
Author: XueTao Cheng
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527539768
Size: 56.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 139
View: 137

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Constructal theory has been extensively used to analyze and optimize many different shapes and structures in both living and non-living systems. It is generally considered to be a law that could govern the evolutions of shapes and structures in biology, physics, technology, and social organization. Accordingly, it seems that the constructal method is suitable for designing and analyzing all kinds of shapes and structures in the world. However, in most cases, the details for its applications were not carefully checked, meaning that it was often incorrectly applied, and that many unreasonable or inaccurate results were provided. This book systematically reviews and checks the applications of constructal theory in street design, economics, heat transfer optimization, flow systems, and explanations of natural structures and social phenomena. Every detail of the models, methods, optimizations, applications, results and conclusions is analysed, with careful consideration of theoretical derivations and typical examples. Accordingly, the problems and mistakes in the applications of the theory are directly pointed out and discussed in detail. The abuse and limitation of the constructal approach are also discussed. In many cases, it is shown that the theory has significant flaws and is even not applicable in certain circumstances. As constructal theory is widely used in the analysis and design of shapes and structures, this book will be essential for scientists, researchers, engineers, teachers, postgraduates and undergraduates in the fields of structure analysis, design and optimization in physics, biology, flow dynamics, heat transfer and thermodynamics.

Function Based Spatiality And The Development Of Korean Communities In Japan

Function Based Spatiality and the Development of Korean Communities in Japan PDF
Author: David Rands
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739173693
Size: 14.55 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 206
View: 1779

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Function-Based Spatiality and the Development of Korean Communities in Japan addresses the impact of urban environments on the development of Korean communities in Japan. It takes into consideration the historically developed functions of the cities in their regional, national, and international spheres and shows the relevance of those functions to the Korean communities of each city. This book will be of interest not only to scholars of the Korean minority of Japan but also to all who study the relationships between spatial functions and immigration.

Constructal Human Dynamics Security And Sustainability

Constructal Human Dynamics  Security and Sustainability PDF
Author: Adrian Bejan
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1586039598
Size: 41.42 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 177
View: 4355

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Globalization, security infrastructure and energy sustainability can be designed based on a scientific principle. In this book, these objectives are approached based on constructal theory, which means to design such projects as global flow architectures that are alive with movement of personnel, equipment, information, education, etc. Constructal Human Dynamics, Security and Sustainability highlights the progress made during the NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in Avora, Portugal in May 2008.

Thermodynamic Foundations Of The Earth System

Thermodynamic Foundations of the Earth System PDF
Author: Axel Kleidon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316558592
Size: 62.28 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1962

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Thermodynamics sets fundamental laws for all physical processes and is central to driving and maintaining planetary dynamics. But how do Earth system processes perform work, where do they derive energy from, and what are the limits? This accessible book describes how the laws of thermodynamics apply to Earth system processes, from solar radiation to motion, geochemical cycling and biotic activity. It presents a novel view of the thermodynamic Earth system explaining how it functions and evolves, how different forms of disequilibrium are being maintained, and how evolutionary trends can be interpreted as thermodynamic trends. It also offers an original perspective on human activity, formulating this in terms of a thermodynamic, Earth system process. This book uses simple conceptual models and basic mathematical treatments to illustrate the application of thermodynamics to Earth system processes, making it ideal for researchers and graduate students across a range of Earth and environmental science disciplines.

Digital Organizations Manufacturing

Digital Organizations Manufacturing PDF
Author: Maryse Carmès
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111952766X
Size: 39.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 318
View: 2860

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In what sort of assemblages, the strategies and digital policies in organization are made? Beyond digital mantras and management slogans/fictions, what is the concrete factory of information management system? What are the parts of the human and no human actors? Is it possible to create a new approach to understand how work change (or not), to explore the potential for a social and cognitive innovation way, considering simultaneously the increase of Data Management and the organizational analytics?

Applied Physics In The 21st Century

Applied Physics in the 21st Century PDF
Author: Raymond P. Valencia
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Size: 50.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 410
View: 3527

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Applied physics is rooted in the fundamental truths and basic concepts of the physical sciences but is concerned with the utilization of these scientific principles in practical devices and systems. This new and important book gathers the latest research from around the globe in this dynamic field.

Transformation Of Collective Intelligences

Transformation of Collective Intelligences PDF
Author: Jean-Max Noyer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119370922
Size: 27.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 258
View: 5365

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There is a great transformation of the production of knowledge and intelligibility. The "digital fold of the world" (with the convergence of NBIC) affects the collective assemblages of “thought”, of research. The aims of these assemblages are also controversial issues. From a general standpoint, these debates concern “performative science and performative society”. But one emerges and strengthens that has several names: transhumanism, post-humanism, speculative post-humanism. It appears as a great narration, a large story about the future of our existence, facing our entry into the Anthropocene. It is also presented as a concrete utopia with an anthropological and technical change. In this book, we proposed to show how collective intelligences stand in the middle of the coupling of ontological horizons and of the “process of bio-technical maturation”.

Theory In The Post Era

Theory in the  Post  Era PDF
Author: Christian Moraru
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1501358960
Size: 27.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 376
View: 1652

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Theory in the "Post" Era brings together the work and perspectives of a group of Romanian theorists who discuss the morphings of contemporary theory in what the editors call the “post” era. Since the Cold War's end and especially in the third millennium, theorists have been exploring the aftermath - and sometimes just the “after” - of whole paradigms, the crisis or “passing” of anthropocentrism, the twilight of an entire ontological and cultural “condition,” as well as the corresponding rise of an antagonist model, of an “anti,” “meta,” or “neo” alternative, with examples ranging from “posthumanism” and “post-postmodernism” to “post-aesthetics,” “postanalog” interpretation or “digicriticism,” “post-presentism,” “post-memory,” “post-“ or “neo-critique,” and so forth. It is no coincidence, the contributors to this volume argue, that this “post” moment is also a time when theory is practiced as a world genre. If theory has always been a “worlded” enterprise, a quintessentially communal, cross-cultural and international project, this is truer at present than ever. Perhaps more than other humanist constituencies, today's theorists work and belong in a theory commons that is transnational if still uneven economically, politically, and otherwise. Theory in the "Post" Era reports the results of Romanian theory experiments that join efforts made in other places to foster a theory for the “post” age.

Design In Nature

Design in Nature PDF
Author: Adrian Bejan
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 0385534620
Size: 28.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 1130

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In this groundbreaking book, Adrian Bejan takes the recurring patterns in nature—trees, tributaries, air passages, neural networks, and lightning bolts—and reveals how a single principle of physics, the Constructal Law, accounts for the evolution of these and all other designs in our world. Everything—from biological life to inanimate systems—generates shape and structure and evolves in a sequence of ever-improving designs in order to facilitate flow. River basins, cardiovascular systems, and bolts of lightning are very efficient flow systems to move a current—of water, blood, or electricity. Likewise, the more complex architecture of animals evolve to cover greater distance per unit of useful energy, or increase their flow across the land. Such designs also appear in human organizations, like the hierarchical "flowcharts" or reporting structures in corporations and political bodies. All are governed by the same principle, known as the Constructal Law, and configure and reconfigure themselves over time to flow more efficiently. Written in an easy style that achieves clarity without sacrificing complexity, Design in Nature is a paradigm-shifting book that will fundamentally transform our understanding of the world around us.

Multispezies Ethnographie

Multispezies Ethnographie PDF
Author: Katharina Ameli
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839455324
Size: 66.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : de
Pages : 216
View: 552

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Wie werden Natur und Tiere durch die Multispezies-Ethnographie inklusiv in Forschungsprojekte integriert? Katharina Ameli fokussiert die inter- und multidisziplinäre Zusammenarbeit. Aus einer Untersuchung der Schnittstellen zwischen gesellschafts- und naturwissenschaftlich orientierten Fachdisziplinen ergibt sich eine komplexe Betrachtung von Natur, Mensch und Tier. Die Einblicke in Interdependenzen unterschiedlicher Fachdisziplinen verdeutlichen den Bedarf an einer Multispezies-Ethnographie zur Analyse von MenschenTiereNaturenKulturen.