Does Altruism Exist

Does Altruism Exist  PDF
Author: David Sloan Wilson
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300189494
Size: 30.56 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 180
View: 3623

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Argues that altruism is an inherent factor of group functionality and discusses how studying group function can promote positive changes to the human condition.

Social Psychology

Social Psychology PDF
Author: Catherine A. Sanderson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471250260
Size: 67.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 640
View: 291

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Psychologists have been searching for a reference that unifies the disparate topics of social psychology around a central theme. Social Psychology follows that approach as it presents the most fundamental concepts in the field. It touches on all of the major concepts researchers are currently addressing but is firmly grounded in the basic social psychological theories and principles. A single chapter is included on the impact of culture in psychology, focusing on how the findings and theories might differ in different cultures. Psychologists will benefit from two research studies in each chapter that provide a real world perspective of the material.

The Altruistic Species

The Altruistic Species PDF
Author: Andrew Michael Flescher
Publisher: Templeton Foundation Press
ISBN: 1599471221
Size: 33.77 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 290
View: 4420

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What motivates altruism? How essential is the phenomenon of altruism to the human experience? Is altruism readily accessible to the ordinary person? In The Altruistic Species, Andrew Michael Flescher and Daniel L. Worthen explore these questions through the lenses of four disciplinary perspectives—biology, psychology, philosophy, and religion. In the course of their investigation, they make an extended argument for the existence of altruism against competing theories that construe all ostensible cases of benevolence as self-interest in disguise. The authors consider theories of egoism; the role of genetics and evolutionary biology; the psychological that induce altruistic behavior; philosophical theories of altruism in normative ethics such as Kantian, utilitarian, and Aristotelian models of moral action; and accounts of love of the neighbor in Christianity and Buddhism. Additionally, they offer a new, comprehensive definition of altruism that is inclusive of the insights of each of these perspectives. The Altruistic Species reinvigorates the debate over the prevalence of selfless motivation in human behavior—whether it is a rare or ubiquitous phenomenon, something that is always to be considered exceptional or a capacity that members of any community potentially could develop. This noteworthy interdisciplinary examination of altruism balances science, virtue theory, and theology. It is ideal courses in ethics, human behavior, and evolutionary biology, as an educational resource for other multidisciplinary studies, and for interested lay readers.

Oxford Companion To Emotion And The Affective Sciences

Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences PDF
Author: David Sander
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191021016
Size: 52.20 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 520
View: 3996

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Few areas have witnessed the type of growth we have seen in the affective sciences in the past decades. Across psychology, philosophy, economics, and neuroscience, there has been an explosion of interest in the topic of emotion and affect. Comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-date, and easy-to-use, the new Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences is an indispensable resource for all who wish to find out about theories, concepts, methods, and research findings in this rapidly growing interdisciplinary field - one that brings together, amongst others, psychologists, neuroscientists, social scientists, philosophers, and historians. Organized by alphabetical entries, and presenting brief definitions, concise overviews, and encyclopaedic articles (all with extensive references to relevant publications), this Companion lends itself to casual browsing by non-specialists interested in the fascinating phenomena of emotions, moods, affect disorders, and personality as well as to focused search for pertinent information by students and established scholars in the field. Not only does the book provide entries on affective phenomena, but also on their neural underpinnings, their cognitive antecedents and the associated responses in physiological systems, facial, vocal, and bodily expressions, and action tendencies. Numerous entries also consider the role of emotion in society and social behavior, as well as in cognitive processes such as those critical for perception, attention, memory, judgement and decision-making. The volume has been edited by a group of internationally leading authorities in the respective disciplines consisting of two editors (David Sander and Klaus Scherer) as well as group of 11 associate editors (John T. Cacioppo, Tim Dalgleish, Robert Dantzer, Richard J. Davidson, Ronald B. de Sousa, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Nico Frijda, George Loewenstein, Paula M. Niedenthal, Peter Salovey, and Richard A. Shweder). The members of the editorial board have commissioned and reviewed contributions from major experts on specific topics. In addition to comprehensive coverage of technical terms and fundamental issues, the volume also highlights current debates that inform the ongoing research process. In addition, the Companion contains a wealth of material on the role of emotion in applied domains such as economic behaviour, music and arts, work and organizational behaviour, family interactions and group dynamics, religion, law and justice, and societal change. Highly accessible and wide-ranging, this book is a vital resource for scientists, students, and professionals eager to obtain a rapid, conclusive overview on central terms and topics and anyone wanting to learn more about the mechanisms underlying the emotions dominating many aspects of our lives.

                   PDF
Author: توماس هوبز
Publisher: Al Manhal
ISBN:
Size: 41.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : ar
Pages : 688
View: 5390

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إنّ كتاب اللوياثان الذي وضعه (سنة 1651)، من الكتب المؤسِّسة لنظرية الفلسفة، وهو يبتكر أسطورة السلطة المطلقة فيضع ركائز التقليد السياسي الحديث.. فقد قرّر البشر، استناداً إلى قُدرتهم الخاصّة على العزم والتفكير، أن يُزوّدوا أنفُسَهُم بقانون مُشترَك ومُصطَنَع، وعندها لم يعد القانون يرتكز على العالم الإلهي، بل على العالم الإنساني. واللفياثان هو كائن بحري خرافي له رأس تنين وجسد وأفعى ويرد ذكره مرات عدة في الكتاب المقدس، أما هوبز فيستعمله ليصور سلطة الحاكم أو الدولة التي يستبدل بها الناس ضمن عقد اجتماعي جديد سلطة الدين أو اللاهوت.

Caring Economics

Caring Economics PDF
Author: Tania Singer
Publisher: Picador
ISBN: 1250064163
Size: 45.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 7248

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A COLLECTION OF INTERNATIONALLY RENOWNED SCIENTISTS AND ECONOMISTS IN DIALOGUE WITH HIS HOLINESS THE DALAI LAMA, ADDRESSING THE NEED FOR A MORE ALTRUISTIC ECONOMY Can the hyperambitious, bottom-line-driven practices of the global economy incorporate compassion into the pursuit of wealth? Or is economics driven solely by materialism and self-interest? In Caring Economics, experts consider these questions alongside the Dalai Lama in a wide-ranging, scientific-based discussion on economics and altruism. Begun in 1987, the Mind and Life Institute arose out of a series of conferences held with the Dalai Lama and a range of scientists that sought to form a connection between the empiricism of contemporary scientific inquiry and the contemplative, compassion-based practices of Buddhism. Caring Economics is based on a conference held by the Mind and Life Institute in Zurich in which experts from all over the world gathered to discuss the possibility of having a global economy focused on compassion and altruism. Each chapter consists of a presentation by an expert in the field, followed by a discussion with the Dalai Lama in which he offers his response and his own unique insights on the subject. In this provocative and inspiring book, learn how wealth doesn't need to be selfish, how in fact, empathy and compassion may be the path to a healthier world economy.

Social Dilemmas

Social Dilemmas PDF
Author: Paul A. M. Van Lange
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199897611
Size: 31.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 2258

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This volume provides a psychological overview of research on human cooperation, while discussing evolutionary and cultural perspectives, along with applications in the management, environment, national security, and health.

Placebo Effects

Placebo Effects PDF
Author: Fabrizio Benedetti
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191015172
Size: 68.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 432
View: 1707

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One of the most widespread words in medicine is placebo and placebo effect, although it is not always clear what it means exactly. Recent progress in biomedical research has allowed a better clarification of the placebo effect. We know that this is an active psychobiological phenomenon which takes place in the patient's brain and that is capable of influencing both the course of a disease and the response to a therapy. Since publication of the first edition of this book in 2008, there has been an explosion of placebo research, and this new edition brings the topic fully up to date. Throughout, the book emphasizes that there are many placebo effects and critically reviews them in different medical conditions, such as neurological and psychiatric disorders, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, immune and hormonal responses, as well as oncology, surgery, sports medicine and acupuncture. The psychosocial context around the patient is crucial to the placebo effect, for example the doctor's words and attitudes, and throughout this is considered. Exhaustive in its coverage, and written by a world authority in the field, this is the definitive reference text to the placebo effect - one that is essential for researchers and clinicians across a wide range of medical specialities.