Topical Drug Bioavailability Bioequivalence And Penetration

Topical Drug Bioavailability  Bioequivalence  and Penetration PDF
Author: Vinod P. Shah
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493912895
Size: 16.83 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 402
View: 1790

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This authoritative volume explores advances in the techniques used to measure percutaneous penetration of drugs and chemicals to assess bioavailability and bioequivalence and discusses how they have been used in clinical and scientific investigations. Seven comprehensive sections examine topics including in vitro drug release, topical drugs products, clinical studies, and guidelines and workshop reports, among others. The book also describes how targeted transdermal drug delivery and more sophisticated mathematical modelling can aid in understanding the bioavailability of transdermal drugs. The first edition of this book was an important reference guide for researchers working to define the effectiveness and safety of drugs and chemicals that penetrated the skin. This second edition contains cutting-edge advances in the field and is a key resource to those seeking to define the bioavailability and bioequivalence of percutaneously active compounds to improve scientific and clinical investigation and regulation.

Drug Bioavailability

Drug Bioavailability PDF
Author: Han van de Waterbeemd
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527605150
Size: 25.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 602
View: 6191

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The peroral application (swallowing) of a medicine means that the body must first resorb the active substance before it can begin to take effect. The efficacy of drug uptake depends on the one hand on the chemical characteristics of the active substance, above all on its solubility and membrane permeability. On the other hand, it is determined by the organism's ability to absorb pharmaceuticals by way of specific transport proteins or to excrete them. Since many pharmacologically active substances are poorly suited for oral intake, a decisive criterion for the efficacy of a medicine is its so-called bioavailability. Written by an international team from academia and the pharmaceutical industry, this book covers all aspects of the oral bioavailability of medicines. The focus is placed on methods for determining the parameters relevant to bioavailability. These range from modern physicochemical techniques via biological studies in vitro and in vivo right up to computer-aided predictions. The authors specifically address possibilities for optimizing bioavailability during the early screening stage for the active substance. Its clear structure and comprehensive coverage make this book equally suitable for researchers and lecturers in industry and teaching.

Drug Bioavailability

Drug Bioavailability PDF
Author: Han van de Waterbeemd
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527623876
Size: 52.90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 649
View: 6420

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The gold standard for industrial research now completely revised in line with current trends in the field, with all contributions extensively updated or rewritten. In 21 chapters readers can benefit from the key working knowledge of today's leading pharmaceutical companies, including Pfizer, AstraZeneca, and Roche. Drug developers from industry and academia present all the factors governing drug bioavailability, complete with practical examples and real-life data. Part I focuses on in vitro and in vivo measurements of physicochemical properties, such as membrane permeability and ionization. Part II discusses solubility and gastrointestinal absorption, while the third part is devoted to metabolism and excretory mechanisms. The much revised and expanded part IV surveys current in silico approaches to predict drug properties needed to estimate the bioavailability of any new drug candidate. The final part shows how poor bioavailability may be improved by various approaches during the development process. No other publication offers the same level of treatment on this crucial topic in modern drug development.

Drug Solubility And Bioavailability Improvement Possible Methods With Emphasis On Liquisolid Systems Formulation

Drug solubility and bioavailability improvement  Possible methods with emphasis on liquisolid systems formulation PDF
Author: Jan Gajdziok
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668810451
Size: 55.80 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 169
View: 6315

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Document from the year 2018 in the subject Pharmicology, grade: 1, , course: Pharmaceutical Technology, language: English, abstract: The aim of this book is to provide a brief but comprehensive overview on the issue of drug bioavailability improvement by preparation of a perspective dosage form – liquisolid systems. The introduction chapter about drug solubility and bioavailability is followed by a description of the general methods which could be used to improve drug bioavailability using approaches of chemistry, physical modification, and primarily pharmaceutical technology. Benefits and practical use of each method are documented by examples. The main part of the book is aimed at characterization and description of liquisolid systems (LSS) – perspective dosage form for bioavailability improvement. Elementary principles of LSS formulation are described in detail, e.g. how to perform a preformulation study; how to choose the correct type and amount of excipients; how to evaluate the dosage forms, etc. All the above mentioned principles are documented with practical examples. The book could be used as a textbook for students of natural, medical and pharmaceutical sciences as well as by researchers in this field or industrial area. Contemporary pharmacotherapy is characterized by the increasing amount of active substances that are only poorly soluble in water. This may lead to the limitation of their systemic absorption on oral administration which is closely related to the bioavailability. This category is estimated to include more than forty percent of active substances that are in general use. So far, this poor aqueous solubility has been improved by physical or chemical modification of the active substance. In general, such changes are very expensive and troublesome, often leading to problems in stability, marketing authorization process, or administration comfort of the particular drug. This is one of the reasons why modern pharmaceutical technology has focused on those dosage forms that can increase the bioavailability of some active substances while maintaining suitable stability and administration comfort. Several processes that improve solubility, respectively bioavailability have been described and published. These include micronization, nanocrystals, and formulation of solid dispersions. Only recently, a novel trend has appeared – to take advantage of good solubility of active substances in chosen solvents, that is, to use the active substances in a liquid phase.

Oral Bioavailability Assessment

Oral Bioavailability Assessment PDF
Author: Ayman F. El-Kattan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118916697
Size: 45.43 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 448
View: 7310

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Specifically geared to personnel in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, this book describes the basics and challenges of oral bioavailability – one of the most significant hurdles in drug discovery and development. • Describes approaches to assess pharmacokinetics and how drug efflux and uptake transporters impact oral bioavailability • Helps readers reduce the failure rate of drug candidates when transitioning from the bench to the clinic during development • Explains how preclinical animal models – used in preclinical testing – and in vitro tools translate to humans, which is an underappreciated and complicated area of drug development • Includes chapters about pharmacokinetic modelling, the Biopharmaceutics Drug Disposition Classification System (BDDCS), and the Extended Clearance Classification System (ECCS) • Has tutorials for applying strategies to medicinal chemistry practices of drug discovery/development