English As A Global Language

English as a Global Language PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107611806
Size: 16.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 212
View: 7415

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David Crystal's classic English as a Global Language considers the history, present status and future of the English language, focusing on its role as the leading international language. English has been deemed the most 'successful' language ever, with 1500 million speakers internationally, presenting a difficult task to those who wish to investigate it in its entirety. However, Crystal explores the subject in a measured but engaging way, always backing up observations with facts and figures. Written in a detailed and fascinating manner, this is a book written by an expert both for specialists in the subject and for general readers interested in the English language.

Drinking Water And Health Volume 7

Drinking Water and Health  Volume 7 PDF
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309037417
Size: 63.56 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 212
View: 6976

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Chlorination in various forms has been the predominant method of drinking water disinfection in the United States for more than 70 years. The seventh volume of the Drinking Water and Health series addresses current methods of drinking water disinfection and compares standard chlorination techniques with alternative methods. Currently used techniques are discussed in terms of their chemical activity, and their efficacy against waterborne pathogens, including bacteria, cysts, and viruses, is compared. Charts, tables, graphs, and case studies are used to analyze the effectiveness of chlorination, chloramination, and ozonation as disinfectant processes and to compare these methods for their production of toxic by-products. Epidemiological case studies on the toxicological effects of chemical by-products in drinking water are also presented.

How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease

How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease PDF
Author: U. s. Department of Health and Human Services Staff
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office
Size: 44.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 704
View: 4786

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This report considers the biological and behavioral mechanisms that may underlie the pathogenicity of tobacco smoke. Many Surgeon General's reports have considered research findings on mechanisms in assessing the biological plausibility of associations observed in epidemiologic studies. Mechanisms of disease are important because they may provide plausibility, which is one of the guideline criteria for assessing evidence on causation. This report specifically reviews the evidence on the potential mechanisms by which smoking causes diseases and considers whether a mechanism is likely to be operative in the production of human disease by tobacco smoke. This evidence is relevant to understanding how smoking causes disease, to identifying those who may be particularly susceptible, and to assessing the potential risks of tobacco products.

Human And Machine Consciousness

Human and Machine Consciousness PDF
Author: David Gamez
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 1783743018
Size: 46.90 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 234
View: 1785

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Consciousness is widely perceived as one of the most fundamental, interesting and difficult problems of our time. However, we still know next to nothing about the relationship between consciousness and the brain and we can only speculate about the consciousness of animals and machines. Human and Machine Consciousness presents a new foundation for the scientific study of consciousness. It sets out a bold interpretation of consciousness that neutralizes the philosophical problems and explains how we can make scientific predictions about the consciousness of animals, brain-damaged patients and machines. Gamez interprets the scientific study of consciousness as a search for mathematical theories that map between measurements of consciousness and measurements of the physical world. We can use artificial intelligence to discover these theories and they could make accurate predictions about the consciousness of humans, animals and artificial systems. Human and Machine Consciousness also provides original insights into unusual conscious experiences, such as hallucinations, religious experiences and out-of-body states, and demonstrates how ‘designer’ states of consciousness could be created in the future. Gamez explains difficult concepts in a clear way that closely engages with scientific research. His punchy, concise prose is packed with vivid examples, making it suitable for the educated general reader as well as philosophers and scientists. Problems are brought to life in colourful illustrations and a helpful summary is given at the end of each chapter. The endnotes provide detailed discussions of individual points and full references to the scientific and philosophical literature.

Advances In Cryptology Crypto 93

Advances in Cryptology     CRYPTO    93 PDF
Author: Douglas R. Stinson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540483292
Size: 34.43 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 491
View: 3998

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The CRYPTO ’93 conference was sponsored by the International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR) and Bell-Northern Research (a subsidiary of Northern Telecom), in co-operation with the IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee. It took place at the University of California, Santa Barbara, from August 22-26, 1993. This was the thirteenth annual CRYPTO conference, all of which have been held at UCSB. The conference was very enjoyable and ran very of the General Chair, Paul Van Oorschot. smoothly, largely due to the efforts It was a pleasure working with Paul throughout the months leading up to the conference. There were 136 submitted papers which were considered by the Program Committee. Of these, 38 were selected for presentation at the conference. There was also one invited talk at the conference, presented by Miles Smid, the title of which was “A Status Report On the Federal Government Key Escrow System.” The conference also included the customary Rump Session, which was presided over by Whit Diffie in his usual inimitable fashion. Thanks again to Whit for organizing and running the Rump session. This year, the Rump Session included an interesting and lively panel discussion on issues pertaining to key escrowing. Those taking part were W. Diffie, J. Gilmore, S. Goldwasser, M. Hellman, A. Herzberg, S. Micali, R. Rueppel, G. Simmons and D. Weitzner.

Computer Age Statistical Inference

Computer Age Statistical Inference PDF
Author: Bradley Efron
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107149894
Size: 27.80 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 475
View: 5424

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Take an exhilarating journey through the modern revolution in statistics with two of the ringleaders.

Nutrition And Immunity

Nutrition and Immunity PDF
Author: Maryam Mahmoudi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030160734
Size: 78.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 515
View: 1398

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This volume provides readers with a systematic assessment of current literature on the link between nutrition and immunity. Chapters cover immunonutrition topics such as child development, cancer, aging, allergic asthma, food intolerance, obesity, and chronic critical illness. It also presents a thorough review of microflora of the gut and the essential role it plays in regulating the balance between immune tolerance and inflammation. Written by experts in the field, Nutrition and Immunity helps readers to further understand the importance of healthy dietary patterns in relation to providing immunity against disorders and offering readily available immunonutritional programming in clinical care. It will be a valuable resource for dietitians, immunologists, endocrinologists and other healthcare professionals.

Javascript Bible

JavaScript Bible PDF
Author: Danny Goodman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470146230
Size: 41.31 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 1171
View: 7620

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Make your Web pages stand out above the noise with JavaScript and the expert instruction in this much-anticipated update to the bestselling JavaScript Bible. With renowned JavaScript expert Danny Goodman at your side, you’ll get a thorough grounding in JavaScript basics, see how it fits with current Web browsers, and find all the soup-to-nuts detail you’ll need. Whether you’re a veteran programmer or just starting out, this is the JavaScript book Web developers turn to again and again. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Bitumens And Bitumen Emissions And Some N And S Heterocyclic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Bitumens and Bitumen Emissions  and Some N  and S heterocyclic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons PDF
Author: IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans
Size: 21.78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 342
View: 4339

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This volume of the IARC Monographs provides evaluations of the carcinogenicity of bitumens and their emissions, the N-heterocyclic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons benz[a]acridine, benz[c]acridine, dibenz[a,h]acridine, dibenz[a,j]acridine, dibenz[c,h]acridine, carbazole and 7H-dibenzo[c,g]carbazole, as well as the S-hetrocyclic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons benzo[b]naphtho[2,1-d]thiophene and dibenzothiophene. Bitumens are produced by distillation of crude oil during petroleum refining, and also occur naturally. Bitumens can be divided into six broad classes, according to their physical properties and specifications required for different applications. The major use (about 80%) of bitumens is for road paving; other uses include roofing, waterproofing, sealing and painting. The term "bitumen" should not be confused with "asphalt", which refers to the mixture of bitumen (4-10% by weight), small stones, sand and filler used for road paving. Bitumens are complex mixtures that contain a large number of organic chemical compounds. Application of bitumens may generate emissions (fumes and vapours) that may contain, among volatile and non-volatile compounds, a number of known or probable carcinogens. An IARC Monographs Working Group reviewed epidemiological evidence, animal bioassays, and mechanistic and other relevant data to reach conclusions as to the carcinogenic hazard to humans of various occupations that entail exposure to bitumens and bitumen emissions, including road paving, roofing, and application of mastic asphalt, and to various heterocyclic polycyclic aromatic compounds.