Epidemiology For The Uninitiated

Epidemiology for the Uninitiated PDF
Author: David Coggon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405146109
Size: 41.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 80
View: 6058

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This perennial bestseller is an ideal introductions to epidemiology in health care. The fifith editon retains the book's simplicity and brevity, at the same time providing the reader with the core elements of epidemiology needed in health care practice and research. The text has been revised throughout, with new examples introduced to bring the book right up to date.

Disaster Epidemiology

Disaster Epidemiology PDF
Author: Jennifer A. Horney
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128093184
Size: 33.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 2298

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Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications applies the core methods of epidemiological research and practice to assess the short- and long-term health effects of disasters. As we look to the challenge of building a more resilient future, we face a triple threat - an aging population who increasingly live in highly vulnerable coastal areas and mega-cities where the number and severity of large-scale natural disasters is increasing. Improving the resilience of individuals and communities to natural and technological disasters, climate change, and other natural and manmade stressors is one of the grand challenges of the 21st century. This book provides a guide to disaster epidemiology methods, supported with applications from practice. It helps researchers, public health practitioners, and governmental policy makers to better quantify the impacts of disaster on the health of individuals and communities to enhance resilience to future disasters. Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications explains how public health surveillance, rapid assessments, and epidemiologic studies can be conducted in the post-disaster setting to prevent injury, illness, or death; provide accurate and timely information for decisions makers; and improve prevention and mitigation strategies for future disasters. These methods can also be applied to the study of other types of public health emergencies, such as outbreaks, emerging infectious diseases, and refugee health. This book gives both the public health practitioner and researcher the tools they need to conduct epidemiological studies in a disaster setting and can be used as a reference or as part of a course. Provides a holistic perspective to epidemiology with an integration of academic and practical approaches Showcases the use of hands-on techniques and principles to solve real-world problems Includes contributions from both established and emerging scholars in the field of disaster epidemiology

Biostatistics And Epidemiology

Biostatistics and Epidemiology PDF
Author: Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387402926
Size: 79.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : un
Pages : 244
View: 5704

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For the new edition of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Dr. Wassertheil-Smoller has included several new chapters (genetic statistics, molecular epidemiology, scientific integrity and research ethics) and a new appendix on the basic concepts of genetics and a glossary of genetic terminology. She has also expanded the coverage of multi-center trials (an important aspect of implementation of the standards of evidence-based medicine), controversies in screening for prostate, colon, breast, and other cancers.

Anthropology And Epidemiology

Anthropology and Epidemiology PDF
Author: C. Janes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400937237
Size: 60.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : un
Pages : 364
View: 4593

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Over the past two decades increasing interest has emerged in the contribu tions that the social sciences might make to the epidemiological study of patterns of health and disease. Several reasons can be cited for this increasing interest. Primary among these has been the rise of the chronic, non-infectious diseases as important causes of morbidity and mortality within Western populations during the 20th century. Generally speaking, the chronic, non infectious diseases are strongly influenced by lifestyle variables, which are themselves strongly influenced by social and cultural forces. The under standing of the effects of the behavioral factors in, say, hypertension, thus requires an understanding of the social and cultural factors which encourage obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, non-compliance with anti-hypertensive medica tions (or other prescribed regimens), and stress. Equally, there is a growing awareness that considerations of human behavior and its social and cultural determinants are important for understanding the distribution and control of infectious diseases. Related to this expansion of epidemiologic interest into the behavioral realm 'has been the development of etiological models which focus on the psychological, biological and socio-cultural characteristics of hosts, rather than exclusive concern with exposure to a particular agent or even behavioral risk. Also during this period advances in statistical and computing techniques have made accessible the ready testing of multivariate causal models, and so have encouraged the measurement of the effects of social and cultural factors on disease occurrence.

Concepts Of Epidemiology

Concepts of Epidemiology PDF
Author: Raj S. Bhopal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198739680
Size: 24.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 2258

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Epidemiology is a population science that underpins health improvement and health care, by exploring and establishing the pattern, frequency, trends, and causes of a disease. Concepts of Epidemiology comprehensively describes the application of core epidemiological concepts and principles toreaders interested in population health research, policy making, health service planning, health promotion, and clinical care. The book provides an overview of study designs and practical framework for the geographical analysis of diseases, including accounting for error and bias within studies. It discusses the ways in which epidemiological data are presented, explains the distinction between association and causation, aswell as relative and absolute risks, and considers the theoretical and ethical basis of epidemiology both in the past and the future. This new edition places even greater emphasis on interactive learning. Each chapter includes learning objectives, theoretical and numerical exercises, questions and answers, a summary of the key points, and exemplar panels to illustrate the concepts and methods under consideration.Written in an accessible and engaging style, with a specialized glossary to explain and de\'1fne technical terminology, Concepts of Epidemiology is ideal for postgraduate students in epidemiology, public health, and health policy. It is also perfect for clinicians, undergraduate students andresearchers in medicine, nursing and other health disciplines who wish to improve their understanding of fundamental epidemiological concepts.

Epidemiology

Epidemiology PDF
Author: Klaus Krickeberg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783030163709
Size: 50.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : un
Pages : 264
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​This unique textbook presents the field of modern epidemiology as a whole; it does not restrict itself to particular aspects. It stresses the fundamental ideas and their role in any situation of epidemiologic practice. Its structure is largely determined by didactic viewpoints. Epidemiology is the art of defining and investigating the influence of factors on the health of populations. Hence the book starts by sketching the role of epidemiology in public health. It then treats the epidemiology of many particular diseases; mathematical modelling of epidemics and immunity; health information systems; statistical methods and sample surveys; clinical epidemiology including clinical trials; nutritional, environmental, social, and genetic epidemiology; and the habitual tools of epidemiologic studies. The book also reexamines the basic difference between the epidemiology of infectious diseases and that of non-infectious ones. The organization of the topics by didactic aspects makes the book ideal for teaching. All examples and case studies are situated in a single country, namely Vietnam; this provides a particularly vivid picture of the role of epidemiology in shaping the health of a population. It can easily be adapted to other developing or transitioning countries. This volume is well suited for courses on epidemiology and public health at the upper undergraduate and graduate levels, while its specific examples make it appropriate for those who teach these fields in developing or emerging countries. New to this edition, in addition to minor revisions of almost all chapters: • Updated data about infectious and non-infectious diseases • An expanded discussion of genetic epidemiology • A new chapter, based on recent research of the authors, on how to build a coherent system of Public Health by using the insights provided by this volume.

Behavioral Epidemiology

Behavioral Epidemiology PDF
Author: Cara L Frankenfeld
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449648274
Size: 17.21 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 350
View: 5749

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“...excellent coverage of the primary premise in clinical/(health) psychology that health conditions are largely behavior-associated, or a result of poor lifestyle choices. Good health is the result of careful planning and implementation of beneficial behaviors/practices.” —Dr. Lisa Schneiter, Jefferson Community College Behavioral Epidemiology: Principles and Applications is the first of its kind to bring together the disciplines of the social/behavioral sciences and epidemiology. The text reviews how we study health in relation to behaviors, the complexities of such studies, ways to minimize these complexities, and how to use this knowledge to prevent and control disease in human populations. By combining these disciplines, this book provides a foundation for students and researchers in the methods used to study behavior, drawing upon mutually successful methods, and discussing what to do when these disciplines overlap or interact. This text is ideal for master’s level or early doctoral graduate students in the behavioral sciences, epidemiology, or public health, as well as researchers from other fields interested in an introduction to population-based research of behavior and health. Instructor Resources: Instructor's Manual, PowerPoint Lecture Slides, Test Bank

Molecular Tools And Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Molecular Tools and Infectious Disease Epidemiology PDF
Author: Betsy Foxman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080920849
Size: 40.22 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 4189

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Molecular Tools and Infectious Disease Epidemiology examines the opportunities and methodologic challenges in the application of modern molecular genetic and biologic techniques to infectious disease epidemiology. The application of these techniques dramatically improves the measurement of disease and putative risk factors, increasing our ability to detect and track outbreaks, identify risk factors and detect new infectious agents. However, integration of these techniques into epidemiologic studies also poses new challenges in the design, conduct, and analysis. This book presents the key points of consideration when integrating molecular biology and epidemiology; discusses how using molecular tools in epidemiologic research affects program design and conduct; considers the ethical concerns that arise in molecular epidemiologic studies; and provides a context for understanding and interpreting scientific literature as a foundation for subsequent practical experience in the laboratory and in the field. The book is recommended for graduate and advanced undergraduate students studying infectious disease epidemiology and molecular epidemiology; and for the epidemiologist wishing to integrate molecular techniques into his or her studies. Presents the key points of consideration when integrating molecular biology and epidemiology Discusses how using molecular tools in epidemiologic research affects program design and conduct Considers the ethical concerns that arise in molecular epidemiologic studies Provides a context for understanding and interpreting scientific literature as a foundation for subsequent practical experience in the laboratory and in the field

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology PDF
Author: Steven A. Koehler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420063288
Size: 30.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 5503

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After 9/11, forensic epidemiology emerged as a leading investigative tool, partnering public health officers with law enforcement like never before. Based on the authors’ first-hand experience, Forensic Epidemiology brings to light the vast amounts of information collected by medical examiners that will be useful in advancing death investigation techniques among the forensic science, public health, and law enforcement fields. This practical resource begins with a brief overview of epidemiological science and the history of forensic epidemiology before examining the multiple functions of death certificates and the signature role of forensic epidemiologists in death investigations. Incorporating numerous illustrations and real-world examples, the book: Explains proven methods to collect, analyze, and interpret data for criminal investigations Defines the terminology, methodology, procedures, and goals of all sectors involved for more effective collaboration Examines deaths from natural, suicidal, accidental, homicidal, and undetermined causes Describes the various decomposition states and methods used to establish positive identity The increased frequency of criminal acts that involve deliberate biological and chemical agents underscores the need for collaboration between law enforcement investigators and public health professionals. As Forensic Epidemiology effectively demonstrates, when they work together, they can mount a powerful and successful response to threats to the American public. Dr. Steven A. Koehler was interviewed in Volume 12 of Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.

Teaching Epidemiology

Teaching Epidemiology PDF
Author: Jorn Olsen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199685002
Size: 28.73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : un
Pages : 544
View: 5390

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Teaching epidemiology requires skill and knowledge, combined with a clear teaching strategy and good pedagogic skills. The general advice is simple: if you are not an expert on a topic, try to enrich your background knowledge before you start teaching. The new edition of Teaching Epidemiology helps you to do this and, by providing world-expert teachers' advice on how best to structure teaching, providing a unique insight into what has worked in their hands. This book will help you to tailor your own epidemiology teaching programme. The fourth edition of this established text has been fully revised and updated, drawing on new research findings and recently developed methods including research technologies in genetic epidemiology and method development in relation to causal analysis. Analytical tools provide teachers in the field with the skills to guide students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Each chapter in Teaching Epidemiology comprises key concepts in epidemiology, subject specific methodologies, and disease specific issues, to provide expert assistance in the teaching of a wide range of epidemiology courses.