Employment And Development

Employment and Development PDF
Author: Gary S. Fields
Publisher: IZA Prize in Labor Economics
ISBN: 0198815506
Size: 44.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 6196

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Employment and Development brings together the contributions of 2014 IZA Prize in Labor Economics award winner Gary S. Fields to address global employment and poverty problems. Most of the poor in developing countries live in households in which people work, but still they are poor because the best available work pays so little. Employment and Development: How Work Can Lead From and Into Poverty questions how economic growth affects standards of living, how labor markets work in developing countries, and how different labor market policies affect well-being. Through a collection of essays, this book tackles major questions in development and labor economics. Who benefits from economic growth and who is hurt by economic decline? Why are distributional factors and labor market conditions improving in some countries but not in others? How do developing countries' labor markets work? How would labor market conditions change if different policies were to be put into effect? What are the welfare consequences of these changes? Through distributional analysis, Fields examines inequality, poverty, income mobility, and economic well-being, and through analysis of changing labor market conditions he examines employment and unemployment, employment composition, and labor earnings. By concentrating on the poor and understanding how the labor markets work for them and how their labor market earnings might be raised in response to different policy interventions, Fields addresses questions of first-order importance for human well-being.

Ten Thousand Years Of Inequality

Ten Thousand Years of Inequality PDF
Author: Timothy A. Kohler
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816539448
Size: 46.76 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 2079

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Is wealth inequality a universal feature of human societies, or did early peoples live an egalitarian existence? How did inequality develop before the modern era? Did inequalities in wealth increase as people settled into a way of life dominated by farming and herding? Why in general do such disparities increase, and how recent are the high levels of wealth inequality now experienced in many developed nations? How can archaeologists tell? Ten Thousand Years of Inequality addresses these and other questions by presenting the first set of consistent quantitative measurements of ancient wealth inequality. The authors are archaeologists who have adapted the Gini index, a statistical measure of wealth distribution often used by economists to measure contemporary inequality, and applied it to house-size distributions over time and around the world. Clear descriptions of methods and assumptions serve as a model for other archaeologists and historians who want to document past patterns of wealth disparity. The chapters cover a variety of ancient cases, including early hunter-gatherers, farmer villages, and agrarian states and empires. The final chapter synthesizes and compares the results. Among the new and notable outcomes, the authors report a systematic difference between higher levels of inequality in ancient Old World societies and lower levels in their New World counterparts. For the first time, archaeology allows humanity’s deep past to provide an account of the early manifestations of wealth inequality around the world. Contributors Nicholas Ames Alleen Betzenhauser Amy Bogaard Samuel Bowles Meredith S. Chesson Abhijit Dandekar Timothy J. Dennehy Robert D. Drennan Laura J. Ellyson Deniz Enverova Ronald K. Faulseit Gary M. Feinman Mattia Fochesato Thomas A. Foor Vishwas D. Gogte Timothy A. Kohler Ian Kuijt Chapurukha M. Kusimba Mary-Margaret Murphy Linda M. Nicholas Rahul C. Oka Matthew Pailes Christian E. Peterson Anna Marie Prentiss Michael E. Smith Elizabeth C. Stone Amy Styring Jade Whitlam

Inequality Democracy And Economic Development

Inequality  Democracy  and Economic Development PDF
Author: Manus I. Midlarsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521576758
Size: 26.55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 4703

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Examines the sources of democracy, the relationship between economic development and thresholds of democracy, and responses to democratization.

Comparative Sociology

Comparative Sociology PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 10.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Electronic journals
Languages : en
Pages :
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Choice

Choice PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 22.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Academic libraries
Languages : en
Pages :
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Democracy And Its Limits

Democracy and Its Limits PDF
Author: Howard Handelman
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 15.77 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 353
View: 1403

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These multidisciplinary essays combine an appreciation of the progress made in Third World democratization with an assessment of structural and cultural factors that limit further progress toward procedural democracy in many parts of the world, such as China and much of the Middle East.

Globalisation Development And Transition

Globalisation  Development and Transition PDF
Author: Brian Snowdon
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN:
Size: 19.20 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 537
View: 4425

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Provides a comprehensive survey of economic issues that have helped shape the modern world. This book includes discussions of the research findings in international economic development literature and scrutinizes some of the debates in contemporary economics.

Inequality Democracy And Growth In Brazil

Inequality  Democracy  and Growth in Brazil PDF
Author: Marcos Mendes
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128019654
Size: 23.15 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 806

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In terms accessible to non-economists, Marcos José Mendes describes the ways democracy and inequality produce low growth in the short and medium terms. In the longer term, he argues that Brazil has two paths in front of it. One is to create the conditions necessary to boost economic performance and drive the country toward a high level of development. The other is to fail in untying the political knot that blocks growth, leaving it a middle-income country. The source of his contrasting futures for Brazil is inequality, which he demonstrates is a relevant variable in any discussion of economic growth. Inequality illuminates causes of seemingly-unconnected problems. This book, which includes freely-accessible documents and datasets, is the first in-depth analysis of an issue that promises to become increasingly prominent. Contrasting visions of Brazil’s future described in economic terms Easy-to-understand graphs and tables illustrate analytical arguments All Excel-based data available on a freely-accessible website