Labor And The State In Egypt

Labor and the State in Egypt PDF
Author: Marsha Pripstein Posusney
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231106931
Size: 78.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 327
View: 4154

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Bringing to light the often overlooked effect of workers' collective actions in shaping public policy, Labor and the State in Egypt surveys the relationships of workers and trade unions to the state in Egypt. A significant contribution to the scholarship on economic and political reform in developing countries, Labor and the State in Egypt is a major account of the significance of social forces in shaping economic development, even when those forces are separated from partisan political participation.

Egyptians In Revolt

Egyptians in Revolt PDF
Author: Adel Abdel Ghafar
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317222105
Size: 26.96 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 220
View: 5163

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Egyptians in Revolt investigates the political economy of the Egyptian labor and student movements. Using elements of social movement theory within a broad political economy framework, it assesses labor and student mobilizations in four eras of contemporary Egyptian history: the pre-1952 era, the Nasser era, the Sadat era and the Mubarak era. Egyptians in Revolt examines how both student and labor groups responded to the political economy pressures of the respective eras. Within the context of social movement theory, the book argues that political opportunities and threats have had a significant impact on both student and labor mobilizations. In addition, the book explores how the movements have, at times, been able to affect government policies. However, the argument is made that the inability of both groups to sustain momentum in the long term is due to cooptation efforts by established political forces and the absence of viable and enduring organizational structures that are autonomous of state control. By combining analysis to include both labor and student movements, Egyptians in Revolt is a valuable resource for understanding the Egyptian political economy and its impact on mobilizations. It will therefore be of interest to students and scholars of Middle East Studies, as well as those interested in social movement more broadly.

State Labor And The Transition To A Market Economy

State  Labor  and the Transition to a Market Economy PDF
Author: Agnieszka Paczyńska
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 027107566X
Size: 22.71 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 7481

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In response to mounting debt crises and macroeconomic instability in the 1980s, many countries in the developing world adopted neoliberal policies promoting the unfettered play of market forces and deregulation of the economy and attempted large-scale structural adjustment, including the privatization of public-sector industries. How much influence did various societal groups have on this transition to a market economy, and what explains the variances in interest-group influence across countries? In this book, Agnieszka Paczyńska explores these questions by studying the role of organized labor in the transition process in four countries in different regions—the Czech Republic and Poland in eastern Europe, Egypt in the Middle East, and Mexico in Latin America. In Egypt and Poland, she shows, labor had substantial influence on the process, whereas in the Czech Republic and Mexico it did not. Her explanation highlights the complex relationship between institutional structures and the “critical junctures” provided by economic crises, revealing that the ability of groups like organized labor to wield influence on reform efforts depends to a great extent on not only their current resources (such as financial autonomy and legal prerogatives) but also the historical legacies of their past ties to the state.

Contesting Authoritarianism

Contesting Authoritarianism PDF
Author: Dina Bishara
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108151922
Size: 64.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 618

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Successive authoritarian regimes have maintained tight control over organized labor in Egypt since the 1950s. And yet in 2009, a group of civil servants decided to exit the state-controlled Egyptian Trade Union Federation (ETUF), thereby setting a precedent for other groups and threatening the ETUF's monopoly. Dina Bishara examines this relationship between labour organizations and the state to shed light on how political change occurs within an authoritarian government, and to show how ordinary Egyptians perceive the government's rule. In particular, Bishara highlights the agency of dissident unionists in challenging the state even when trade union leaders remain loyal. She reveals that militant sectors are more vulnerable to greater scrutiny and repression and that financial benefits tied to membership in state-backed unions can provide significant disincentives against the exit option. Moving beyond conventional accounts of top-down control, this book explores when and how institutions designed for political control become contested from below.

The Journey To Tahrir Revolution Protest And Social Change In Egypt

The Journey to Tahrir  Revolution  Protest  and Social Change in Egypt PDF
Author: Jeannie Sowers
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 184467875X
Size: 71.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 310
View: 2666

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Presents a collection of essays which examines the Egyptian social and political forces which resulted in the overthrow of Hosni Mubarack and the coalition of reform groups who hope to establish a democratic, representative government.

State Labor And The Transition To A Market Economy

State  Labor  and the Transition to a Market Economy PDF
Author: Agnieszka Paczyńska
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271069961
Size: 44.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 7402

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In response to mounting debt crises and macroeconomic instability in the 1980s, many countries in the developing world adopted neoliberal policies promoting the unfettered play of market forces and deregulation of the economy and attempted large-scale structural adjustment, including the privatization of public-sector industries. How much influence did various societal groups have on this transition to a market economy, and what explains the variances in interest-group influence across countries? In this book, Agnieszka Paczyńska explores these questions by studying the role of organized labor in the transition process in four countries in different regions—the Czech Republic and Poland in eastern Europe, Egypt in the Middle East, and Mexico in Latin America. In Egypt and Poland, she shows, labor had substantial influence on the process, whereas in the Czech Republic and Mexico it did not. Her explanation highlights the complex relationship between institutional structures and the “critical junctures” provided by economic crises, revealing that the ability of groups like organized labor to wield influence on reform efforts depends to a great extent on not only their current resources (such as financial autonomy and legal prerogatives) but also the historical legacies of their past ties to the state. This new edition features an epilogue that analyzes the role of organized labor uprisings in 2011, the protests in Egypt, the overthrow of Mubarak, and the post-Mubarak regime.

Shop Floor Culture And Politics In Egypt

Shop Floor Culture and Politics in Egypt PDF
Author: Samer S. Shehata
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9781438428567
Size: 43.70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 275
View: 1543

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Ethnographic study of textile factory workers in Alexandria, Egypt. In Shop Floor Culture and Politics in Egypt, Samer S. Shehata provides us with a unique and detailed ethnographic portrait of life within two large textile factories in Alexandria, Egypt. Working for nearly a year as a “winding machine operator” provided Shehata with unprecedented access to workers at the point of production and the activities of the work hall. He argues that the social organization of production in the factories—including company rules and procedures, hierarchy, and relations of authority—and shop floor culture profoundly shape what it means to be a “worker” and how this identity is understood. Shehata reveals how economic relations inside the factory are simultaneously relations of significance and meaning, and how the production of wool and cotton textiles is, at the same time, the production of categories of identity, patterns of human interaction, and understandings of the self and others.

Neoliberal Governmentality And The Future Of The State In The Middle East And North Africa

Neoliberal Governmentality and the Future of the State in the Middle East and North Africa PDF
Author: Emel Akçalı
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137542993
Size: 58.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 231
View: 3330

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This volume is a theoretical analysis of the current crises of state and societal transformations in the Middle East and North Africa. The emphasis on the impact and limits of neoliberal governmentality places these uprisings within the specific contextual and structural environment of neoliberal globalization.

Rich And Poor States In The Middle East

Rich And Poor States In The Middle East PDF
Author: Malcolm H. Kerr
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000310124
Size: 65.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 482
View: 2615

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While oil wealth has enriched some Middle East Arab nations, others that lack oil resources have remained poor and are looking now to their oil-rich neighbors for development assistance. This collection of studies on the economic, social, and political relationships between the haves and the have-nots in the Middle East focuses on Egypt-the largest state in the region-and on its prospects for change based on financial assistance from other Arab countries.The authors have many disagreements about the future of both rich and poor nations in the Middle East and considerable skepticism about the possibility of transforming Egypt, but they do agree that the future must be projected in the framework of a new regional order in which oil wealth, labor migration, and liberalized national economies are fundamental realities.