Masters Of All They Surveyed

Masters of All They Surveyed PDF
Author: D. Graham Burnett
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226081212
Size: 51.78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 314
View: 5319

Get Book

Chronicling the British pursuit of the legendary El Dorado, Masters of All They Surveyed tells the fascinating story of geography, cartography, and scientific exploration in Britain's unique South American colony, Guyana. How did nineteenth-century Europeans turn areas they called terra incognita into bounded colonial territories? How did a tender-footed gentleman, predisposed to seasickness (and unable to swim), make his way up churning rivers into thick jungle, arid savanna, and forbidding mountain ranges, survive for the better part of a decade, and emerge with a map? What did that map mean? In answering these questions, D. Graham Burnett brings to light the work of several such explorers, particularly Sir Robert H. Schomburgk, the man who claimed to be the first to reach the site of Ralegh's El Dorado. Commissioned by the Royal Geographical Society and later by the British Crown, Schomburgk explored and mapped regions in modern Brazil, Venezuela, and Guyana, always in close contact with Amerindian communities. Drawing heavily on the maps, reports, and letters that Schomburgk sent back to England, and especially on the luxuriant images of survey landmarks in his Twelve Views in the Interior of Guiana (reproduced in color in this book), Burnett shows how a vast network of traverse surveys, illustrations, and travel narratives not only laid out the official boundaries of British Guiana but also marked out a symbolic landscape that fired the British imperial imagination. Engagingly written and beautifully illustrated, Masters of All They Surveyed will interest anyone who wants to understand the histories of colonialism and science.

A Trial By Jury

A Trial by Jury PDF
Author: D. Graham Burnett
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0375414258
Size: 26.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 3076

Get Book

When Princeton historian D. Graham Burnett answered his jury duty summons, he expected to spend a few days catching up on his reading in the court waiting room. Instead, he finds himself thrust into a high-pressure role as the jury foreman in a Manhattan trial. There he comes face to face with a stunning act of violence, a maze of conflicting evidence, and a parade of bizarre witnesses. But it is later, behind the closed door of the jury room, that he encounters the essence of the jury experience — he and eleven citizens from radically different backgrounds must hammer consensus out of confusion and strong disagreement. By the time he hands over the jury’s verdict, Burnett has undergone real transformation, not just in his attitude toward the legal system, but in his understanding of himself and his peers. Offering a compelling courtroom drama and an intimate and sometimes humorous portrait of a fractious jury, A Trial by Jury is also a finely nuanced examination of law and justice, personal responsibility and civic duty, and the dynamics of power and authority between twelve equal people.

Colonial Survey And Native Landscapes In Rural South Africa 1850 1913

Colonial Survey and Native Landscapes in Rural South Africa  1850   1913 PDF
Author: Lindsay Frederick Braun
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004282297
Size: 39.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
Languages : en
Pages : 426
View: 5260

Get Book

In "Colonial Survey and Native Landscapes in Rural South Africa, 1850 - 1913," Lindsay Frederick Braun explores the technical processes and struggles surrounding the creation and maintenance of boundaries and spaces in South Africa in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Cartographic Mexico

Cartographic Mexico PDF
Author: Raymond B. Craib
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822334163
Size: 53.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 300
View: 7086

Get Book

Analyzes spatial history of 19th and early 20th century Mexico, particularly political uses of mapping and surveying, to demonstrate multiple ways that space can be negotiated in the service of local or national agendas.

Mapping Latin America

Mapping Latin America PDF
Author: Jordana Dym
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226921816
Size: 31.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 1533

Get Book

For many, a map is nothing more than a tool used to determine the location or distribution of something—a country, a city, or a natural resource. But maps reveal much more: to really read a map means to examine what it shows and what it doesn’t, and to ask who made it, why, and for whom. The contributors to this new volume ask these sorts of questions about maps of Latin America, and in doing so illuminate the ways cartography has helped to shape this region from the Rio Grande to Patagonia. In Mapping Latin America,Jordana Dym and Karl Offen bring together scholars from a wide range of disciplines to examine and interpret more than five centuries of Latin American maps.Individual chapters take on maps of every size and scale and from a wide variety of mapmakers—from the hand-drawn maps of Native Americans, to those by famed explorers such as Alexander von Humboldt, to those produced in today’s newspapers and magazines for the general public. The maps collected here, and the interpretations that accompany them, provide an excellent source to help readers better understand how Latin American countries, regions, provinces, and municipalities came to be defined, measured, organized, occupied, settled, disputed, and understood—that is, how they came to have specific meanings to specific people at specific moments in time. The first book to deal with the broad sweep of mapping activities across Latin America, this lavishly illustrated volume will be required reading for students and scholars of geography and Latin American history, and anyone interested in understanding the significance of maps in human cultures and societies.

Die Verwandlung Der Welt

Die Verwandlung der Welt PDF
Author: Jürgen Osterhammel
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406751644
Size: 40.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 1568
View: 6425

Get Book

Mit dem 19. Jahrhundert beginnt die Vorgeschichte der Gegenwart. Es war das Zeitalter der großen politischen Ideologien und der Verwissenschaftlichung des Daseins, der Eisenbahn und der Industrie, der Massenemigration zwischen den Kontinenten und der ersten Welle wirtschaftlicher und kommunikativer Globalisierung, des Nationalismus und der imperialen Expansion Europas in alle Teile der Erde. Zugleich ist das 19. Jahrhundert aus heutiger Sicht fern und fremd geworden: eine faszinierende Welt von gestern. Dieses Buch porträtiert und analysiert die Epoche in weltgeschichtlicher Sicht: als eine Zeit dramatischer Umbrüche in Europa, Asien, Afrika und Amerika und als eine Ära entstehender Globalität. Jürgen Osterhammel erzählt kundig und facettenreich die Geschichte einer Welt im Umbruch. Aus einer Fülle an Material und einer Vielzahl unterschiedlicher Blickwinkel entsteht das Porträt einer faszinierenden Epoche. Osterhammel fragt nach Strukturen und Mustern, markiert Zäsuren und Kontinuitäten, Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede. Seine kulturübergreifenden, thematisch aufgefächerten Darstellungen und Analysen verbinden sich dabei zu einem kühnen Geschichtspanorama, das nicht nur traditionelle eurozentrische Ansätze weit hinter sich lässt, sondern auch erheblich mehr bietet als die gängigen historiographischen Paradigmen wie Industrialisierung oder Kolonialismus. Die Herausbildung unterschiedlicher Wissensgesellschaften, das Verhältnis Mensch- Natur oder der Umgang mit Krankheit und Andersartigkeit kommen darin ebenso zur Sprache wie Besonderheiten der Urbanisierung, verschiedene Formen von Bürgerlichkeit oder die Gegensätze von Migration und Sesshaftigkeit, Anpassung und Revolte, Säkularisierung und Religiosität. Zugleich stellt Osterhammel immer wieder Bezüge zur Gegenwart her. Auf der Höhe der Forschung, engagiert geschrieben und zugleich wohltuend unideologisch, ist sein Werk nicht nur ein Handbuch für jeden Historiker. Seine plastischen Schilderungen ziehen auch den interessierten Laien in den Bann eines Jahrhunderts, dessen Bedeutung in dieser welthistorisch angelegten Epochengeschichte ganz neu ausgelotet wird.

New Spaces Of Exploration

New Spaces of Exploration PDF
Author: Simon Naylor
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0857715135
Size: 23.34 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 2667

Get Book

For many the dawn of the twentieth century ushered in an era where the world map had few if any blank spaces left to discover. The age of exploration was supposedly dead. "New Spaces of Exploration" challenges this assumption. Focusing specifically on exploration in the twentieth century, the authors demonstrate how new technologies and changing geopolitical configurations have ensured that exploration has remained a key feature of our rapidly globalizing world. Ranging widely in their geographical focus - from the Europe and Asia to Australia, and from the polar regions to outer space - they demonstrate the increasing diversity of modern exploration and reveal the continuing political, military, industrial and cultural motivations at play. The result is a major contribution to our understanding of the significance of exploration in the twentieth century. Contributors include: E. Baigent, C. Collis, K. Dodds, F. Driver, M. Godwin, J. Hill, F. Korsmo, F. MacDonald, S. Naylor, J. Ryan, N. Thomas, and K. Yusoff.

Auf Den Spuren Des Wals

Auf den Spuren des Wals PDF
Author: Felix Lüttge
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
ISBN: 3835344943
Size: 25.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 279
View: 2540

Get Book

Eine Medien- und Wissensgeschichte von Biologie und Ozeanographie im Kielwasser der Walfänger. Immer wieder entzieht sich der Wal wissenschaftlicher Klassifikation und Darstellbarkeit. Wale sind buchstäblich nicht zu fassen - als sich die neuen biologischen Wissenschaften im 19. Jahrhundert daran machten, "das Leben" zu erklären, blieb das der Wale ein Problem. Doch Walfänger durchkreuzten auf ihren Spuren im 19. Jahrhundert die Meere der Welt. Kartographen erschlossen auf den Spuren dieser Walfänger die Nordwestpassage und den pazifischen Ozean, während Naturhistoriker und Zoologen sie in die Lebensräume der Wale begleiten. Felix Lüttge erzählt die Geschichte der Walfänger, die den Walen, und der Wissenschaftler, die wiederum den Walfängern folgten. Es ist eine Medien- und Wissensgeschichte des Wals wie auch der Meere, die auf seinen Spuren durchfahren und vermessen wurden. Felix Lüttge beschreibt die komplexen Austauschprozesse, mit denen Walfänger und Wissenschaftler ökonomisches, ozeanographisches, zoologisches und geographisches Wissen hervorbrachten "Die Wale, von denen diese Untersuchung handelt, sind auch, aber nicht zuerst Teile einer Natur, die es zu ordnen galt. Sie sind Rohstofflieferanten und Wissensobjekte, und sie mussten erst mithilfe bestimmter Praktiken und Medien hervorgebracht werden." Felix Lüttge Felix Lüttge

Culturing Modernity

Culturing Modernity PDF
Author: Qin Shao
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804746892
Size: 32.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 351
View: 5450

Get Book

This is a multidimensional study of a simulation of modernity that transformed Nantong, a provincial town, from a rural backwater to a model of progress in early twentieth-century China. The author analyzes this transformation by depicting the new institutional and cultural phenomena used by the elite to exhibit the modern: a museum, theater, cinema, sports arenas, parks, photographs, name cards, paper money, clocks, architecture, investigative tourism, and public speaking. In focusing on this exhibitory modernity and its role in reconstructing this local community and in promoting “the Nantong model” nationwide, the book sheds intriguing new light on the connections between local and national politics and rural and urban experience.

Mapping The Country Of Regions

Mapping the Country of Regions PDF
Author: Nancy P. Appelbaum
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469627450
Size: 31.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 1664

Get Book

The nineteenth century was an era of breathtakingly ambitious geographic expeditions across the Americas. The seminal Chorographic Commission of Colombia, which began in 1850 and lasted about a decade, was one of Latin America's most extensive. The commission's mandate was to define and map the young republic and its resources with an eye toward modernization. In this history of the commission, Nancy P. Appelbaum focuses on the geographers' fieldwork practices and visual production as the men traversed the mountains, savannahs, and forests of more than thirty provinces in order to delineate the country's territorial and racial composition. Their assumptions and methods, Appelbaum argues, contributed to a long-lasting national imaginary. What jumps out of the commission's array of reports, maps, sketches, and paintings is a portentous tension between the marked differences that appeared before the eyes of the geographers in the field and the visions of sameness to which they aspired. The commissioners and their patrons believed that a prosperous republic required a unified and racially homogeneous population, but the commission's maps and images paradoxically emphasized diversity and helped create a "country of regions." By privileging the whiter inhabitants of the cool Andean highlands over those of the boiling tropical lowlands, the commission left a lasting but problematic legacy for today's Colombians.