Multidimensional Global Change

Multidimensional Global Change PDF
Author: K. Ia Kondratev
Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited
ISBN:
Size: 50.79 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 761
View: 3349

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Multidimensional Global Change Kirill Ya Kondratyev Forty years of technological progress have had a catastrophic impact on the environment, since this progress has been based on the ruthless exploitation of natural resources: 20 percent of the fertile soil on cultivated land has been lost; 20 per cent of tropical forests have been cleared; desertification continues at a rate of 6 million hectares annually; and deforestation amounts to 11 million hectares annually. Economic estimations practically never take into account this depletion and damage to natural resources, the harmful effect on human health, the deprivation of future generations of those natural resources, and the long-term impact in the form of biospheric deformation. In this text Kirill Kondratyev emphasises the extremely complex and interdisciplinary nature of multidimensional global change, highlighting its principal aspects and many practical consequences (economic, social, etc.), as well as the relationships between environmental problems on global, continental and national scales. He demonstrates that the main limiting factor of further quantitative development of humankind is the available biosphere resources and that the basic criterion of ecological well- (or ill-) being is the level of depletion of these resources. The author highlights an acute social controversy of the modern world in that the level of biospheric resource consumption in industrially-developed countries exceeds by far that in the Third World. This disparity could be eliminated through advancements such as the 'decarbonisation' of energy production, and the development of new technologies. However, he shows that radical improvement of the situation can only be achieved by reducing the population number and establishing a new, fair economic order. He emphasises that when considering global change problems it is important to avoid exaggerations, and he strikes a balance between the most gloomy predictions and more encouraging estimations. Readership: Professional scientists, environmentalists and engineers concerned with research relating to global change and its consequences, managers and senior engineers wishing to gain an insight into the problems caused by global change, and undergraduate and postgraduate students of geography, meteorology, climatology, atmospheric physics and environmental science.

Global Change Situations

Global change situations PDF
Author: Kirill I︠A︡kovlevich Kondratʹev
Publisher: UCOL
ISBN: 9789706920768
Size: 17.82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Economic development
Languages : en
Pages : 338
View: 2855

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A bilingual edition of economic analysis of recent changes in a globalized world, with focus on ecological trends and natural resources.

Global Carbon Cycle And Climate Change

Global Carbon Cycle and Climate Change PDF
Author: K. Ia Kondratev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540008095
Size: 75.33 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 6516

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Professor Kondratyev and his team consider the concept of global warming due to the greenhouse effect and put forward a new approach to the problem of assessing the impact of anthropogenic processes. Considering data on both sources and sinks for atmospheric carbon and various conceptual schemes of the global carbon dioxide cycle, they suggest a new approach to studies of the problem of the greenhouse effect. They assess the role of different types of soil and vegetation in the assimilation of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and discuss models of the atmosphere ocean gas exchange and its role in the carbon dioxide cycle, paying special attention to the role of the Arctic Basin. The authors also consider models of other global atmospheric cycles for a range of atmospheric constituents, and conclude by drawing together a range of scenarios on modelling the global carbon cycle.

Global Climatology And Ecodynamics

Global Climatology and Ecodynamics PDF
Author: Arthur Philip Cracknell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540782095
Size: 26.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 518
View: 7600

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The exclusive role of natural ecosystems is a key factor in the maintenance of the biospheric equilibrium. The current global crisis is largely caused by their dramatic decline by 43% in the past hundred years. Ignoring the immutable laws and limitations which determine the existence of all living things in the biosphere could lead humanity to an ecological catastrophe. This book presents the ecological, demographic, economic and socio-psychological manifestations of the global crisis and outlines the immutable laws and limitations which determine the existence of all living things in the biosphere. The authors are eminently qualified to write about the problems associated with the global crisis and consider the causes behind humanity's conflict with its environment. V. Danilov-Danilian, Associate of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Russia's former Minister of the Environment, and K. Losev, professor at Moscow State university, are leading Russian ecologists and I. Reyf is a journalist who specializes in ecology and global development. Dr. Danilov-Danilian works on the economics of nature management, economic and mathematical model building, sustainable development theory and ecology. Dr Losev is the chief researcher and head of the division of the VINITI. All the authors have published numerous papers, articles and books on such subjects as glaciology, hydrology, environment studies, global change and sustainable development.

Microwave Remote Sensing Tools In Environmental Science

Microwave Remote Sensing Tools in Environmental Science PDF
Author: Costas A. Varotsos
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030457672
Size: 53.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 468
View: 3514

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This book gives new insight to the study of the global environmental changes using the ecoinformatics and microwave remote sensing tools together with the adaptive-evolutionary technology of geoinformation monitoring. The main advantage of this book consists in the accumulation of the interdisciplinary scientific knowledge for the parameterization of the global biogeochemical cycles and other environmental processes in the context of globalization and sustainable development. In this regard, the crucial global problems of the dynamics of the climate-nature-society system have been considered and the key problems of ensuring its sustainable development have been addressed. An analysis of the present trend in changing ecological systems has been discussed, including different types of forest ecosystems and ocean aquatories. The emphasis has been given to the accomplishment of the global geoinformation monitoring, which could provide a reliable control of the environmental processes development with reliable prognostic estimates of the consequences of human activities. A new approach to the numerical modelling of the climate-nature-society system has been presented and demonstrative results have been given about the modelling of the dynamics of this system‟s characteristics, in cases of realization of some scenarios of the anthropogenic impacts to the biogeochemical cycles, the land ecosystems and oceans. Methods and algorithms for the big data manipulation and processing in the remote sensing environmental monitoring systems have been described.

Climate Change And The Oceans

Climate Change and the Oceans PDF
Author: Robin Warner
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781006164
Size: 71.87 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 274
View: 7511

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Climate Change and the Oceans investigates the effects of climate change on the ocean environment and its implications for maritime activities, both globally and within the Asia Pacific region. This detailed work draws together informed opinion from a range of disciplines to examine the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal areas and review legal and policy responses to the rapidly changing ocean environment. Issues including the effects on fisheries and marine biodiversity in the Asia Pacific region, maritime security, global shipping, marine jurisdiction and marine geo-engineering are also explored. Examining the multiple impacts of climate change on the oceans and ocean based solutions to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change, this thought-provoking book will prove invaluable to academics, researchers and students in the fields of law, environment, ecology and political science. Oceans and marine environmental policymakers will also find this to be an essential resource.

Arctic Environment Variability In The Context Of Global Change

Arctic Environment Variability in the Context of Global Change PDF
Author: Leonid P. Bobylev
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN:
Size: 40.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 471
View: 1167

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The main focus of this book is the study of environmental dynamics in the Arctic, coupled with ecosystem dynamics. Particular emphasis has been placed on problems of the composition of the Arctic atmosphere, as well as changes in the composition due to human impacts. The book also analyzes observational data and numerical modeling results that characterize the Arctic basin pollution dynamics and its impact on ecosystems. Other topics covered include problems of general circulation in the atmosphere and oceans, beginning with the 1930s when the Arctic was regarded as the kitchen of global weather and climate.

Climate Change

Climate Change PDF
Author: William Burroughs
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521567718
Size: 47.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 298
View: 2238

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Sample Text

A Case For Climate Engineering

A Case for Climate Engineering PDF
Author: David Keith
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262019825
Size: 32.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 194
View: 1554

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The author argues that it is time for man to at least consider climate engineering—including putting reflective particles in the atmosphere to combat global warming—but it must be considered cautiously and not be implemented until all side effects are known.