Phonological And Phonetic Considerations Of Lexical Processing

Phonological and Phonetic Considerations of Lexical Processing PDF
Author: Gonia Jarema
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027267928
Size: 62.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 233
View: 7227

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The human ability to understand and produce spoken words is fascinating in its complexity. People often vary in how they pronounce a word. They may need to recognize words spoken with an accent quite different from their own. And, in order to understand a word of a second or foreign language, they may need to identify words on the basis of sounds that are difficult to differentiate. This book brings together psycholinguistic research that addresses these topics and highlights how the study of spoken word processing can shed light on fundamental dynamics of language processing. It demonstrates how spoken word processing is affected by the specific characteristics of individual languages and their writing systems and how it grows and changes across the lifespan. The book offers new cutting-edge research on spoken word processing. It will benefit researchers and students interested in language processing as well as readers who wish to broaden their understanding of language in the mind. In particular, this book underlines the value of conducting psycholinguistic research across languages and across the lifespan. Originally published in The Mental Lexicon Vol. 8:3 (2013).

Phonological And Phonetic Competence Between Grammar Signal Processing And Neural Activity

Phonological and phonetic competence  between grammar  signal processing  and neural activity PDF
Author: Ulrike Domahs
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 288919809X
Size: 49.79 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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The starting point for this Research Topic was a Priority Programme on experimental research in phonology and phonetics which was funded by the German Science Foundation (DFG) from 2006 to 2013. Based on this programme, the aim of this Research Topic is to draw together empirical work in the field of segmental and prosodic processing and representation and phonological theory. Contributions are encouraged that focus on the exploration of human cognitive, articulatory and perceptual abilities dealing with all types of phonetic and phonological entities. More specifically, papers are encouraged that address the interface of the speech sound systems investigated in phonology, the representation about articulation, perception, acquisition and processing established in phonetics and psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics. Topics of investigation could be: (1) phonological representations in the mental lexicon – specified minimally in terms of categorical phonological information or as variable phonetic imprint of the occurrences in the input, (2) sounds and sound-changing processes – systemic and functional aspects, (3) prosodic units such as syllables and metrical feet, as well as the phonological phrases that are connected to syntactic units of the sentence – systemic- properties, processing and phonetic consequences, (4) tones as building blocks of the sentence melody – their relation to the level of linguistic expressions on the one hand, their phonetic realisation (e.g., tonal height and contours) and perception on the other hand. Experimental contributions making use of behavioural methods including eye movement studies and methods like EEG, fMRI, MEG and EPA to investigate production and perception of phonetic and phonological entities are particularly welcome. We welcome original research articles, reviews, theory articles, methodological articles, as well as brief commentaries/opinion pieces (for further information see here).

Formal And Functional Perspectives On Tense And Related Categories

Formal and Functional Perspectives on Tense and Related Categories PDF
Author: Christian Heyde Petersen
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039103676
Size: 29.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 233
View: 6113

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This book explores the gap that has developed between two sides in linguistics: the formal tradition and the functional tradition. It discusses fundamental issues such as tense, aspect and action by examining and comparing insights from the two traditions with a view to determining whether there are any possibilities of future bridge-building between the two approaches. This study focuses on comparing the actual output of different linguistic approaches and examines their 'usefulness'. A major aim is, therefore, to evaluate and identify the most useful approach.

The Handbook Of Phonetic Sciences

The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences PDF
Author: William J. Hardcastle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448642
Size: 20.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 888
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Thoroughly revised and updated, the second edition of The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences provides an authoritative account of the key topics in both theoretical and applied areas of speech communication, written by an international team of leading scholars and practitioners. Combines new and influential research, along with articulate overviews of the key topics in theoretical and applied areas of speech communication Accessibly structured into five major sections covering: experimental phonetics; biological perspectives; modelling speech production and perception; linguistic phonetics; and speech technology Includes nine entirely new chapters on topics such as phonetic notation and sociophonetics, speech technology, biological perspectives, and prosody A streamlined and re-oriented structure brings all contributions up-to-date with the latest research, whilst maintaining the features that made the first edition so useful

Phonology In Perception

Phonology in Perception PDF
Author: Paul Boersma
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110219239
Size: 65.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 318
View: 5754

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The book consists of nine chapters dealing with the interaction of speech perception and phonology. Rather than accepting the common assumption that perceptual considerations influence phonological behaviour, the book aims to investigate the reverse direction of causation, namely the extent to which phonological knowledge guides the speech perception process. Most of the chapters discuss formalizations of the speech perception process that involve ranked phonological constraints. Theoretical frameworks argued for are Natural Phonology, Optimality Theory, and the Neigbourhood Activation Model. The book discusses the perception of segments, stress, and intonation in the fields of loanword adaptation, second language acquisition, and sound change. The book is of interest to phonologists, phoneticians and psycholinguists working on the phonetics-phonology interface, and to everybody who is interested in the idea that phonology is not production alone.

Brain Control Of Behaviour

Brain Control of Behaviour PDF
Author: Paolo Pinelli
Publisher: S Karger Ag
Size: 37.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 342
View: 3093

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This book looks at the brain control of psychomotor purposeful action and in particular speech through findings obtained from a new methodology developed by the author. The 'Multiple-Delayed-Reaction Verbochronometry' or MDRV can be applied in normal and pathological conditions and includes an analysis of verbal reading reactions and picture naming. Both latency times and duration of the responses (acousticograms and oromandibular electromyograms) are measured as mean values from a series of 12 trials. MDRV can be employed in a wide variety of scientific disciplines such as neurology in the diagnosis of dementia, psychiatry in determining schizophrenia and depressive disorders, and neurosurgery in evaluating the damage exerted by tumors. It can also be used in the field of phoniatrics by detecting alterations in stuttering and spastic dysphonia. In addition, neuropediatrists, logopaedists and philosophers will find a number of informative sections on the background and application of this revolutionary methodology.