Punishment And Control In Historical Perspective

Punishment and Control in Historical Perspective PDF
Author: Helen Johnston
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN:
Size: 75.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 269
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This book advances current theoretical understandings of punishment and control in society, providing a critical analysis of institutions, punishment and the law.

Crime In England 1815 1880

Crime in England 1815 1880 PDF
Author: Helen Johnston
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138781986
Size: 75.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 224
View: 4976

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Crime in England, 1815-1880 provides a unique insight into crime and the criminal justice system from the early to the late nineteenth century. This book examines crime, criminality and punishment in nineteenth-century England by providing an overview of the key issues with regard to views about and subsequent treatment of crime and offenders by the criminal justice system. It covers important developments and changes across the period, in policing and the disposal of offenders, such as the decline of public execution, the transportation of convicts overseas and emergence of local and convict system of imprisonment. The book draws together original research by the author to locate these changes and provides case studies illuminating the lives of those who experienced the criminal justice system. With an emphasis on punishment and the impact that events during this period have had on the development of the modern criminal justice system, this book will be useful to academics and students interested in criminal justice, history and penology, as well as being of interest to the general reader.

Punishment

Punishment PDF
Author: Terance D. Miethe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521605168
Size: 15.90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : un
Pages : 240
View: 6769

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Punishment in different forms is examined, including corporal and economic punishment.

Contrasts In Punishment

Contrasts in Punishment PDF
Author: John Pratt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136217002
Size: 31.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 109

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Why do some modern societies punish their offenders differently to others? Why are some more punitive and others more tolerant in their approach to offending and how can these differences be explained? Based on extensive historical analysis and fieldwork in the penal systems of England, Australia and New Zealand on the one hand and Finland, Norway and Sweden on the other, this book seeks to answer these questions. The book argues that the penal differences that currently exist between these two clusters of societies emanate from their early nineteenth-century social arrangements, when the Anglophone societies were dominated by exclusionary value systems that contrasted with the more inclusionary values of the Nordic countries. The development of their penal programmes over this two hundred year period, including the much earlier demise of the death penalty in the Nordic countries and significant differences between the respective prison rates and prison conditions of the two clusters, reflects the continuing influence of these values. Indeed, in the early 21st century these differences have become even more pronounced. John Pratt and Anna Eriksson offer a unique contribution to this topic of growing importance: comparative research in the history and sociology of punishment. This book will be of interest to those studying criminology, sociology, punishment, prison and penal policy, as well as professionals working in prisons or in the area of penal policy across the six societies that feature in the book.

The Growth Of Incarceration In The United States

The Growth of Incarceration in the United States PDF
Author: Committee on Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309298018
Size: 45.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 800
View: 5678

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After decades of stability from the 1920s to the early 1970s, the rate of imprisonment in the United States has increased fivefold during the last four decades. The U.S. penal population of 2.2 million adults is by far the largest in the world. Just under one-quarter of the world's prisoners are held in American prisons. The U.S. rate of incarceration, with nearly 1 out of every 100 adults in prison or jail, is 5 to 10 times higher than the rates in Western Europe and other democracies. The U.S. prison population is largely drawn from the most disadvantaged part of the nation's population: mostly men under age 40, disproportionately minority, and poorly educated. Prisoners often carry additional deficits of drug and alcohol addictions, mental and physical illnesses, and lack of work preparation or experience. The growth of incarceration in the United States during four decades has prompted numerous critiques and a growing body of scientific knowledge about what prompted the rise and what its consequences have been for the people imprisoned, their families and communities, and for U.S. society. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States examines research and analysis of the dramatic rise of incarceration rates and its affects. This study makes the case that the United States has gone far past the point where the numbers of people in prison can be justified by social benefits and has reached a level where these high rates of incarceration themselves constitute a source of injustice and social harm. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States examines policy changes that created an increasingly punitive political climate and offers specific policy advice in sentencing policy, prison policy, and social policy. The report also identifies important research questions that must be answered to provide a firmer basis for policy. This report is a call for change in the way society views criminals, punishment, and prison. This landmark study assesses the evidence and its implications for public policy to inform an extensive and thoughtful public debate about and reconsideration of policies.

The Oxford Handbook Of Criminal Law

The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Law PDF
Author: Markus Dirk Dubber
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199673594
Size: 78.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 1203
View: 1055

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Providing scholars with a comprehensive international resource, a common point of entry into cutting edge contemporary research and a snapshot of the state and scope of the field, this Handbook takes a broad approach to its subject matter, disciplinarily, geographically, and systemically.

Crime And Deviance In Canada

Crime and Deviance in Canada PDF
Author: Christopher Ray McCormick
Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press
ISBN: 1551302748
Size: 10.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 386
View: 5550

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This unique and timely reader brings together twenty-four of the very best and most controversial readings on the history of crime, deviance, and criminal justice in Canada. This text is ideal for use in courses on introductory criminology, crime and deviance, or the Canadian justice system, particularly those with an historical component. The theme of power relations is a very strong, unifying element--that is, relations of gender, social class, ethnicity, and age. Through such topics as prostitution, prohibition, youth courts, and the regulation of sexuality, we can trace these relations of power and how they link to the definition of crime in society.

Discipline And Punish

Discipline and Punish PDF
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 014199133X
Size: 63.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 2479

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In the Middle Ages there were gaols and dungeons, but punishment was for the most part a spectacle. The economic changes and growing popular dissent of the 18th century made necessary a more systematic control over the individual members of society, and this in effect meant a change from punishment, which chastised the body, to reform, which touched the soul. Foucault shows the development of the Western system of prisons, police organizations, administrative and legal hierarchies for social control - and the growth of disciplinary society as a whole. He also reveals that between school, factories, barracks and hospitals all share a common organization, in which it is possible to control the use of an individual's time and space hour by hour.

Between Prison And Probation

Between Prison and Probation PDF
Author: Norval Morris
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195361193
Size: 62.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 283
View: 4496

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Across the country prisons are jammed to capacity and, in extreme cases, barges and mobile homes are used to stem the overflow. Probation officers in some cities have caseloads of 200 and more--hardly a manageable number of offenders to track and supervise. And with about one million people in prison and jail, and two and a half million on probation, it is clear we are experiencing a crisis in our penal system. In Between Prison and Probation, Norval Morris and Michael Tonry, two of the nation's leading criminologists, offer an important and timely strategy for alleviating these problems. They argue that our overwhelmed corrections system cannot cope with the flow of convicted offenders because the two extremes of punishment--imprisonment and probation--are both used excessively, with a near-vacuum of useful punishments in between. Morris and Tonry propose instead a comprehensive program that relies on a range of punishment including fines and other financial sanctions, community service, house arrest, intensive probation, closely supervised treatment programs for drugs, alcohol and mental illness, and electronic monitoring of movement. Used in rational combinations, these "intermediate" punishments would better serve the community than our present polarized choice. Serious consideration of these punishments has been hindered by the widespread perception that they are therapeutic rather than punitive. The reality, however, Morris and Tonry argue, "is that the American criminal justice system is both too severe and too lenient--almost randomly." Systematically implemented and rigorously enforced, intermediate punishments can "better and more economically serve the community, the victim, and the criminal than the prison terms and probation orders they supplant." Between Prison and Probation goes beyond mere advocacy of an increasing use of intermediate punishments; the book also addresses the difficult task of fitting these punishments into a comprehensive, fair and community-protective sentencing system.

Punishment And Modern Society

Punishment and Modern Society PDF
Author: David Garland
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226922502
Size: 43.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 362

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In this path-breaking book, David Garland argues that punishment is a complex social institution that affects both social relations and cultural meanings. Drawing on theorists from Durkheim to Foucault, he insightfully critiques the entire spectrum of social thought concerning punishment, and reworks it into a new interpretive synthesis. "Punishment and Modern Society is an outstanding delineation of the sociology of punishment. At last the process that is surely the heart and soul of criminology, and perhaps of sociology as well—punishment—has been rescued from the fringes of these 'disciplines'. . . . This book is a first-class piece of scholarship."—Graeme Newman, Contemporary Sociology "Garland's treatment of the theorists he draws upon is erudite, faithful and constructive. . . . Punishment and Modern Society is a magnificent example of working social theory."—John R. Sutton, American Journal of Sociology "Punishment and Modern Society lifts contemporary penal issues from the mundane and narrow contours within which they are so often discussed and relocates them at the forefront of public policy. . . . This book will become a landmark study."—Andrew Rutherford, Legal Studies "This is a superbly intelligent study. Its comprehensive coverage makes it a genuine review of the field. Its scholarship and incisiveness of judgment will make it a constant reference work for the initiated, and its concluding theoretical synthesis will make it a challenge and inspiration for those undertaking research and writing on the subject. As a state-of-the-art account it is unlikely to be bettered for many a year."—Rod Morgan, British Journal of Criminology Winner of both the Outstanding Scholarship Award of the Crime and Delinquency Division of the Society for the Study of Social Problems and the Distinguished Scholar Award from the American Sociological Association's Crime, Law, and Deviance Section