Sexual Politics In The Enlightenment

Sexual Politics in the Enlightenment PDF
Author: Mary Seidman Trouille
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791434901
Size: 46.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 411
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Explores the way seven women writers of the eighteenth century responded to Rousseau, and traces his crucial influence on their literary careers.

Conduct Books For Girls In Enlightenment France

Conduct Books for Girls in Enlightenment France PDF
Author: Dr Nadine Berenguier
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409478580
Size: 33.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 294
View: 4189

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During the eighteenth-century, at a time when secular and religious authors in France were questioning women’s efforts to read, a new literary genre emerged: conduct books written specifically for girls and unmarried young women. In this carefully researched and thoughtfully argued book, Professor Nadine Bérenguier shares an in-depth analysis of this development, relating the objectives and ideals of these books to the contemporaneous Enlightenment concerns about improving education in order to reform society. Works by Anne-Thérèse de Lambert, Madeleine de Puisieux, Jeanne Marie Leprince de Beaumont, Louise d'Epinay, Barthélémy Graillard de Graville, Chevalier de Cerfvol, abbé Joseph Reyre, Pierre-Louis Roederer, and Marie-Antoinette Lenoir take up a wide variety of topics and vary dramatically in tone. But they all share similar objectives: acquainting their young female readers with the moral and social rules of the world and ensuring their success at the next stage of their lives. While the authors regarded their texts as furthering the common good, they were also aware that they were likely to be controversial among those responsible for girls' education. Bérenguier's sensitive readings highlight these tensions, as she offers readers a rare view of how conduct books were conceived, consumed, re-edited, memorialized, and sometimes forgotten. In the broadest sense, her study contributes to our understanding of how print culture in eighteenth-century France gave shape to a specific social subset of new readers: modern girls.

The Struggle For Equal Adulthood

The Struggle for Equal Adulthood PDF
Author: Corinne T. Field
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 146961815X
Size: 25.41 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 993

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In the fight for equality, early feminists often cited the infantilization of women and men of color as a method used to keep them out of power. Corinne T. Field argues that attaining adulthood--and the associated political rights, economic opportunities, and sexual power that come with it--became a common goal for both white and African American feminists between the American Revolution and the Civil War. The idea that black men and all women were more like children than adult white men proved difficult to overcome, however, and continued to serve as a foundation for racial and sexual inequality for generations. In detailing the connections between the struggle for equality and concepts of adulthood, Field provides an essential historical context for understanding the dilemmas black and white women still face in America today, from "glass ceilings" and debates over welfare dependency to a culture obsessed with youth and beauty. Drawn from a fascinating past, this book tells the history of how maturity, gender, and race collided, and how those affected came together to fight against injustice.

Music Sexuality And The Enlightenment In Mozart S Figaro Don Giovanni And Cos Fan Tutte

Music  Sexuality and the Enlightenment in Mozart s Figaro  Don Giovanni and Cos   fan tutte PDF
Author: Dr Charles Ford
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409495434
Size: 37.97 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Music
Languages : en
Pages : 350
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Music, Sexuality and the Enlightenment explains how Mozart's music for Le nozze di Figaro, Don Giovanni and Così fan tutte 'sounds' the intentions of Da Ponte's characters and their relationships with one another. Mozart, by way of the infinitely generative and beautiful logic of the sonata principle, did not merely interpret Da Ponte's characterizations but lent them temporal, musical forms. Charles Ford's analytic interpretation of these musical forms concerns processes and structures in detail and at medium- to long-term levels. He addresses the music of a wide range of arias and ensembles, and develops original ways to interpret the two largely overlooked operatic genres of secco recitative and finales. Moreover, Ford presents a new method by which to relate musical details directly to philosophical concepts, and thereby, the music of the operas to the inwardly contradictory thinking of the European Enlightenment. This involves close readings of late eighteenth-century understandings of 'man' and nature, self and other, morality and transgression, and gendered identities and sexuality, with particular reference to contemporary writers, especially Goethe, Kant, Laclos, Rousseau, Sade, Schiller, Sterne and Wollstonecraft. The concluding discussion of the implied futures of the operas argues that their divided sexualities, which are those of the Enlightenment as a whole, have come to form our own unquestioned assumptions about gender differences and sexuality. This, along with the elegant and eloquent precision of Mozart's music, is why Figaro, Giovanni and Così still maintain their vital immediacy for audiences today.

Female Sexuality And Cultural Degradation In Enlightenment France

Female Sexuality and Cultural Degradation in Enlightenment France PDF
Author: Dr Mary McAlpin
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409479366
Size: 47.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 208
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In her study of eighteenth-century literature and medical treatises, Mary McAlpin takes up the widespread belief among cultural philosophers of the French Enlightenment that society was gravely endangered by the effects of hyper-civilization. McAlpin's study explores a strong thread in this rhetoric of decline: the belief that premature puberty in young urban girls, supposedly brought on by their exposure to lascivious images, titillating novels, and lewd conversations, was the source of an increasing moral and physical degeneration. In how-to hygiene books intended for parents, the medical community declared that the only cure for this obviously involuntary departure from the "natural" path of sexual development was the increased surveillance of young girls. As these treatises by vitalist and vitalist-inspired physiologists became increasingly common in the 1760s, McAlpin shows, so, too, did the presence of young, vulnerable, and virginal heroines in the era's novels. Analyzing novels by, among others, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Denis Diderot, and Choderlos de Laclos, she offers physiologically based readings of many of the period's most famous heroines within the context of an eighteenth-century discourse on women and heterosexual desire that broke with earlier periods in recasting female and male desire as qualitatively distinct. Her study persuasively argues that the Western view of women's sexuality as a mysterious, nebulous force–Freud's "dark continent"–has its secular origins in the mid-eighteenth century.

Disrupted Patterns

Disrupted Patterns PDF
Author: Theodore E. D. Braun
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9789042005501
Size: 72.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 219
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This collection of essays explores the significance of modern chaos theory as a new paradigm in literary studies and argues for the usefulness of borrowings from one discipline to another. Its thesis is that external reality is real and is not merely a social construct. On the other hand, this volume reflects the belief that literature, as a social and cultural construct, is not unrelated to that external reality. The authors represented here furthermore believe that learning to communicate across disciplinary divides is worth the risk of looking silly to purists and dogmatists. In applying a contemporary scientific grid to a by-gone era, the authors play out Steven Weinberg's exhortation to mind the clues to the past that cannot be obtained in any other way. It is of course necessary to get the science right, yet the essays in this collection do not seek to do science, but rather to suggest that science and literature often share common assumptions and realities. Thus there is no attempt to legitimize literary study through the adoption of a scientific approach. Interaction between the disciplines requires mutual respect and a willingness to investigate the broader implications of scientific research. Consequently, this volume will be of interest to students and scholars of the long eighteenth century whether the focus is on England (Locke, Milton, Radcliffe, Lewis), France (Crébillion, Diderot, Marivaux, Montesquieu) or Germany (Kant, Moritz, Goethe, Fr. Schlegel). Moreover, given its multiple thrust in employing mythological, philosophical, and scientific notions of chaos, this volume will appeal to historians and philosophers of the European Enlightenment as well as to literary historians. The volume ultimately aspires to promote communication across centuries and across disciplines.

The Politics Of Gender In Anthony Trollope S Novels

The Politics of Gender in Anthony Trollope s Novels PDF
Author: Margaret Markwick
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754663898
Size: 54.54 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 259
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Bringing together established critics and exciting new voices, this collection offers readings of Trollope that recognize and repay his importance as source material for scholars working in diverse fields of literary and cultural studies. Drawing on work from economics, colonialism and ethnicity, gender studies, new historicism, liberalism, legal studies, and politics, the contributors make a convincing case for Trollope's writings as a vehicle for the theoretical explorations of Victorian culture that currently predominate.

Nature Woman And The Art Of Politics

Nature  Woman  and the Art of Politics PDF
Author: Eduardo A. Velásquez
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 12.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 385
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This impressive collection of previously unpublished essays examines the relationship between competing conceptions of "nature" and "woman." By looking historically and comprehensively at the problems and questions associated with human thinking about nature and woman, the contributors strive to gain the proper vantage point from which to assess modern virtues and vices. Also taking note of important religious and literary contributions to thought on nature and woman, these essays present a broad range of claims from classical Greece to the present intended to stimulate modern thinking. Nature, Woman, and the Art of Politics will prove indispensable to scholars of philosophy, political science and women's studies.

Feminism And The Politics Of Travel After The Enlightenment

Feminism and the Politics of Travel after the Enlightenment PDF
Author: Yaël Schlick
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1611484294
Size: 39.83 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 234
View: 5484

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Taking the Enlightenment and the feminist tradition to which it gave rise as its historical and philosophical coordinates, Feminism and the Politics of Travel After the Enlightenment explores the coincidence of feminist vindications and travel in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the way travel’s utopian dimension and feminism’s utopian ideals have intermittently fed off each other in productive ways. Travel’s gender politics is analyzed in the works of J.-J. Rousseau, Mary Wollstonecraft, Stéphanie-Félicité de Genlis, Germaine de Staël, Frances Burney, Flora Tristan, Suzanne Voilquin, Gustave Flaubert George Sand, Robyn Davidson, and Sara Wheeler.