: Har Darshan Kumar
: 23.16 MB
Sustainable water management, food security and water security being some of the most critical issues facing the world in the 21st century - dubbed the Century of Water : this monograph outlines various options for proactive management of fisheries and aquaculture to sustainably meet the growing food requirements of millions of people living in developing countries both in rural areas and in cities. Both freshwater and marine fisheries are covered. Besides giving production statistics calculated by various organisations, the book lists traditional as well as potentially promising newer organisms suitable for aquaculture in swamps, ponds, marshes, lakes and mangroves not only as a source of nutritious food but also as employment avenues for small-scale or marginal fisherfolk. The book can server as an introductory text for courses in fisheries and aquaculture both in traditional universities and in marine and freshwater institutes. Contents Chapter 1: General Introduction; Definitions, Definition of categories, Fish description, Sustainable development, Unsustainable fisheries, Aquaculture sustainability and food security, Wastes for aquaculture, Sustainable use of living marine sustainable, Aquaculture, Role of local governments in sustainable development, Enhancements systems approach to aquaculture, Quality, Safety, Marketing and trade of aquaculture products, Growth enhancement by genetic manipulation management concerns; Chapter 2: Fish Farming; Introduction, Sustainable aquaculture, Organic aquaculture, Genetics and aquaculture, Nutrition and feeding, Rapid fattening of Wild-caught eels, Exotic species, Salmon farming, Poverty alleviation, Box 2.1 CARP (Cyprinus carpio linnaeus), (Family Cyprinidae), Aquatic resources and the livelihoods of poor people, Water quality: Dissolved oxygen for sustainable aquaculture, Types of systems, Infrastructure and support technologies, Recirculation, Recirculation technology, Some new approaches, Fish cage systems, Inshore-nearshore cage farms, Offshore cage farming, Integrated cage-cum-pond aquaculture system, Abalone culture, Agriculture-aquaculture integration, Choice of fish species, Public health, Fodder-fish integration, Refuges, Stocking for rice-fish culture, Species-specific biology, Feeding and maintenance in rice-fish system, Management, Effects on rice yield, Benefits and potentials, Fish for integrated pest management in rice production, Fish as predators in rice fields, Shrimp farming in the sonoran desert; Chapter 3: Marine Fisheries and Aquaculture; Introduction, Trends in fishery development, Stock assessment, Global shellfish production, Fisheries and bioeconomics, The value of fisheries, Surplus production models, Stability, Multispecies assessment, Length, weight and age determination, Global synchrony in fish population variations, Marine protected areas, Scales relevant to recruitment in large marine, Ecosystems, Growth, survival and recruitment in large marine ecosystems (LMEs), Growth, Density-independent factors, Intrinsic or innate factors, A generalized concept of recruitment factors, Recruitment research in large marine, Ecosystems, Scallop farming, Sustainable shrimp culture, Aquaculture shrimp culture, Aquaculture in africa, Sustainable commercial aquaculture in sub-saharan africa, Sea urchin aquaculture (Echinoculture), Marine biotechnology and aquaculture, Biosecurity for shrimp aquaculture, Polyploidy in shrimp; Chapter 4: Coastal Aquaculture; Introduction, Global aquaculture production, Production systems, Cage cultivation, Chemicals and their applications, Soil and water treatments, Fertilizers, Disinfectants, Antibacterial agents, Therapeutants other than antibacterials, Pesticides, Herbicides/Algicides, Feed additives, Hormones, Issues of concern, Persistence, Residues in non-cultured organisms, Toxicity to non-target species, Stimulation of resistance, Effects on sediment biogeochemistry, Nutrient enrichment, Health of farm workers, Residues in seafood, Quality assurance of chemicals used in aquaculture, Difficulties in effluent treatment, Need for environmental fate and effects, Information, Salmon aquaculture, Prawn cultivation, Milkfish aquaculture in the philippines, Marine shrimp aquaculture in thailand; Chapter 5: Fisheries, Farming and Aquaculture in China and India; Introduction, Marine fisheries development, Selected species for sea farming, Seaweed, Molluscs, Abalone, Curstaceans (shrimp), Echinoderms (Sea cucumbers), Box 5.1 Sea cucumber, Marine fish (Left-eyed flounder), Sea farming and sea ranching systems, Inland fishery enhancements in china, Enhancement methods, Protection of natural fish resources, Stocking, Cage and pen fish culture, Reservoir fisheries, Marine capture fisheries (india), Inappropriate exploitation patterns, Target fishing, Managment versus exploitation, Sea ranching, Mariculture, Aquaculture, Shrimp production, Diversity and sustainability in aquaculture production, Regulation of egg production in crustaceans; Chapter 6: Inland Fisheries; Introduction, Perspectives, Polyculture, Transition from commercial to recreational use, Valuation, Environmental issues, Tilapia-the aquatic chicken, Tilapia genetics, Bird predation, Monosex populations, Lobster farming, Koura farming, Aquaculture techniques, Fishery biomanipulation, Fish removal, Stocking piscivorous fish, Impact of biomanipulation on fishery and fish stocks; Chapter 7: Wetlands and Mangroves; Introduction, Wetlands, Classes, Major Problems, Subsistence production and commercial production, Objectives of wetland management, Protection of wetlands, Management and conservation of wetlands in large lakes, Wetlands and shoreline gradients, Water level fluctuations, A model for changes in shoreline wetlands, A model for frequency and intensity of flooding, Centrifugal organization, Management guidelines, Mangroves-conversion into fish farms, Mangrove losses from shrimp farming, Aquaculture in wetlands of north india, nepal and bangladesh, Shrimp culture in india and bangladesh, Homestead catfish culture in bangladesh, Rice-cum-fish cultivation in nepal; Chapter 8: Freshwater Aquaculture in Europe; Introduction, Finfish production, The fish species, The role of introduced freshwater species in aquaculture production, Fish for industrial systems, Hygiene in foodstuffs, Production, products and sales, FAO code of conduct for responsible fisheries, FEAP code of conduct, Impact on trade of environmental and health/ hygiene legislation, Competition among aquaculture products, fish and non-fish meat products, Management of inland fisheries and aquaculture: Social, economic and cultural perspectives, Solutions, Inland fisheries in germany, Lake restoration in denmark; Chapter 9: Management of fisheries and aquaculture; Introduction, Models as a management tool, Articles relating to food safety, Article 6- General principles, Article 7- Fisheries management, Rehabilitation, Fisheries management and safety at sea, Role of fishermen, Good management practices, Sector level operating principles, Use of GMPs, Relationship of GMPs with other environmental management initiatives; Benefits of GMPs, Process for site specific SMPs, Initiation and participation co-management, Sector-level management needs, Integrated resource management, Management post-johannesburg, Five module LME approach, Management of post-harvest problems, Components of a national plan; Chapter 10: Environmental concerns; Introduction, Effects of fisheries on marine ecosystems, Overfishing, Impact of dams on fisheries, Aquatic macrophytes as a habitat of vectors and hosts of tropical diseases and biological control, Using fish, Aquaculture and inland fisheries, Global edible fish supply, Outlook, Inland fisheries, Threats, Managing species introductions, Pest fish in freshwater, Impacts of marine aquaculture, Secondary production in the oceans and the response to climate change, Effects of ultraviolet radiation on fisheries, Diel variation of DNA damage and repair, Effects of UV-B on fish in the antarctic, Effects of UV-B on phytoplankton, Variability of solar UV-B, Environmental effects of mussel farming, Minimizing environmental impacts of shrimp feeds.