The Social Psychology Of Prosocial Behavior

The Social Psychology of Prosocial Behavior PDF
Author: John F. Dovidio
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1351540513
Size: 37.57 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 422
View: 323

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Written by four leading researchers in the study of prosocial behavior, this book introduces a new perspective on prosocial behavior for the 21st century. Building on the bystander intervention work that has defined this area since the 1960s, The Social Psychology of Prosocial Behavior examines prosocial behavior from a multilevel perspective that explores the diverse influences that promote actions for the benefit of others and the myriad ways that prosocial actions can be manifested. The authors expand the breadth of the field, incorporating analyses of biological and genetic factors that predispose individuals to be concerned for the well being of others, as well as planned helping such as volunteering and organizational citizenship behavior and cooperative behavior within and between groups. They identify both the common and the unique processes that underlie the broad spectrum of prosocial behavior. Each chapter begins with a question about prosocial behavior and ends with a summary that answers the question. The final chapter summarizes the questions and the answers that research provides. Conceptual models that elaborate on and extend the multilevel approach to prosocial behavior are used to tie these findings together. The book concludes with suggestions for future research. The Social Psychology of Prosocial Behavior addresses the following: *the evolution of altruistic tendencies and other biological explanations of why humans are predisposed to be prosocial; *how the situation and motives that are elicited by these situations affect when and how people help; *the causes and maintenance of long-term helping, such as volunteering; *how prosocial behavior changes over time and the developmental processes responsible for these changes; *the consequences of helping for both the people who provide it and those who receive it; *helping and cooperation within and between groups and the implications of these actions. This accessible text is ideal for advanced courses on helping and altruism or prosocial behavior, taught in psychology, sociology, management, political science, and communication, or for anyone interested in learning more about prosocial behavior in general.

The Oxford Handbook Of Prosocial Behavior

The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior PDF
Author: David A. Schroeder
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195399811
Size: 60.92 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 816
View: 1285

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The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior provides a comprehensive review of the current literature on when and why people act to benefit others. It provides a comprehensive overview of the field to give both the casual reader and the neophyte to the field some perspective about fundamental questions (what, why, when, and who) relative to prosocial behavior. Taking a multi-level approach, the chapters represent the broad spectrum of this multi-faceted domain. Topics range from micro-level analyses involving evolutionary and comparative psychological factors to macro-level applications, such as reducing intergroup conflicts and ethnic genocide. Between these extremes, the contributors--all internationally recognized in their field--offer their perspectives on developmental processes that may predispose individuals to empathize with and respond to the needs of others, individual differences that seem to interact with situational demands to promote helping, and the underlying motivations of those helping others. They explain volunteerism, intragroup cooperation, and intergroup cooperation to move the analysis from the individual to group-level phenomena. They extend the consideration of this topic to include support of pro- environmental actions, means to encourage participation in medical clinical trials, and the promotion of world peace. The ways that gender, interpersonal relationships, race, and religion might affect decisions to give aid and support to others are also addressed. The final chapter offers a unique view of prosocial behavior that encourages researchers and readers to take an even broader consideration of the field to search for a prosocial consilience.

The Psychology Of Prosocial Behavior

The Psychology of Prosocial Behavior PDF
Author: Stefan Stürmer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444307959
Size: 14.29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 4967

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The Psychology of Prosocial Behavior provides originalcontributions that examine current perspectives and promisingdirections for future research on helping behaviors and relatedcore issues. Covers contributions which deal explicitly with interventionsdesigned to foster out-group helping (and to improve its quality)in real world settings Provides the reader with a cohesive look at helping andprosocial behaviors using a combination of theoretical work withresearch on interventions in applied settings Examines helping from multiple perspectives in order torecognize the diverse influences that promote actions for thebenefit of others Contributors to this volume include cutting-edge researchersusing both field studies and laboratory experiments

Psychology Of Relationships

Psychology of Relationships PDF
Author: Connor Whiteley
Publisher: CGD Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 36.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2747

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Do you want to learn why human relationships are important? Do you want to learn what causes human relationships to form? Do you want to learn why humans show prosocial behaviour? If the answer is yes to any of these questions and more, then this is the book for you as we investigate how human relationships form, types of love and relationships and the psychology of prosocial behaviour. By the end of this book, you will know: · Why human relationships are important? · The biological, cognitive, and social reasons why human relationships form. · What the Bystander Effect is and why it happens? · How to Promote Prosocial Behavior? · Why humans show altruism? BUY NOW TO START LEARNING ABOUT THIS GREAT TOPIC TODAY! If you like this book, then you will love my sociocultural psychology book. Psychology of Human Relationships Content: Introduction Chapter 1: Why Are Relationships Important? Part One: What Causes Relationships? Chapter 2: The Biological Explanations for Relationships Chapter3: The Cognitive Explanations for Relationships Chapter 4: The Social Explanations for Relationships Part Two: Communication, Attraction and Relationship Breakdown Chapter 5: Communication Chapter 6: Types of Love and Theories of Attraction Chapter 7: Maintaining Relationships Chapter 8: Why Relationships Change and End? Part Three: Prosocial Behaviour Chapter 9: Bystanderism Chapter 10: Why People Don’t Help? Chapter 11: Altruism Chapter 12: Parochial Altruism Chapter 13: Social Identification and the Dark Side of Altruism Chapter 14: Promoting Prosocial Behaviour

The Roots Of Prosocial Behavior In Children

The Roots of Prosocial Behavior in Children PDF
Author: Nancy Eisenberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521337717
Size: 75.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 195
View: 1859

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What kinds of childrearing practices foster the development of helping, sharing, and other prosocial behaviors? What roles do biology and culture play in the development of prosocial behavior? This book reviews and summarizes scholarly research that has been devoted to the development of prosocial behavior in children, and examines the various factors and influences that contribute to children's prosocial development, including the media, parents, peers, biology, culture, personal characteristics, and situational determinants. The authors argue that prosocial behavior can be learned and is modifiable, and they suggest techniques for parents, teachers and others to enhance prosocial development. They attempt to communicate the advances in the study of prosocial development that have taken place over the past decade and highlight questions previously unaddressed by researchers, and suggests areas for future work. This text is well-suited for undergraduate and graduate courses in child development and social psychology.

The Development Of Prosocial Behavior

The Development of Prosocial Behavior PDF
Author: Nancy Eisenberg
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483288471
Size: 49.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Family & Relationships
Languages : en
Pages : 401
View: 4734

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Developmental Psychology Series: The Development of Prosocial Behavior focuses on the advancement of techniques, methodologies, and approaches involved in studies on prosocial behavior, including moral reasoning and judgment, altruism, liberalism, and conservatism. The publication first elaborates on the general conceptual and theoretical issues in the study of prosocial and altruistic behavior; early development and socialization of prosocial behavior; and the relationship between prosocial behavior and moral reasoning. The text then takes a look at the generality of altruism in children, social learning theory and development of prosocial behavior, and the development of altruism. Discussions focus on directions for research on prosocial behaviors; research findings and interpretations on the early forms of altruism; social learning of prosocial behavior and moral judgment; and generality of prosocial behavior. The manuscript examines personality development and liberal sociopolitical attitudes, development of prosocial motivation, and the effects of mood on prosocial behavior in children and adults. Topics include motivational mechanisms of prosocial acts, dialectics of development, antecedents of liberalism and conservatism in adults, and personality and socialization in relation to adolescents' political orientations. The book is a dependable source of data for researchers interested in the development of prosocial behavior.

The Oxford Handbook Of Personality And Social Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology PDF
Author: Kay Deaux
Publisher: Oxford Library of Psychology
ISBN: 0190224835
Size: 27.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 992
View: 1251

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Personality and social psychology : moving toward a more perfect union / Mark Snyder and Kay Deaux -- Foundations of personality and social psychology -- The intertwined histories of personality and social psychology / Thomas F. Pettigrew -- Perspectives on the person: rapid growth and opportunities for integration / William Fleeson and Eranda Jayawickreme -- Perspectives on the situation / Harry T. Reis and John G. Holmes -- Neuroscience approaches in social and personality psychology / David M. Amodio, Eddie Harmon-Jones, and Elliot T. Berkman -- Evolutionary perspectives / Steven W. Gangestad -- Context in person, person in context : a cultural psychology approach to social-personality psychology / Glenn Adams and Tugçe Kurtis -- Behavior and behavior assessment / Janice R. Kelly and Christopher R. Agnew -- Conceptual and methodological issues in the analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal dyadic data / Deborah A. Kashy and M. Brent Donellan -- Multilevel modeling in personality and social psychology / Oliver Christ, Christopher G. Sibley, and Ulrich Wagner -- Basic processes of personality and social psychology -- The self : dynamics of persons and their situations / Jennifer Crocker and Eddie Brummelman -- Identity : personal and social / Vivian L. Vignoles -- Morality / Jesse Graham and Piercarlo Valdesolo -- Motivation and goal pursuit : integration across the social/personality divide / Julie K. Norem -- Five questions about emotion: implications for social-personality psychology / Gerald L. Clore and Michael D. Robinson -- Cybernetic approaches to personality and social behavior / Colin G. DeYoung and Yanna J. Weisberg -- Initial impressions of others / James S. Uleman and S. Adil Saribay -- Attitudes and attitude change : social and personality considerations about specific and general patterns of behavior / Dolores Albarracin, Man-pui Sally Chan, and Duo Jiang -- From help-giving to helping relations : belongingness and independence in social interactions / Arie Nadler -- Antisocial behavior in individuals and groups : an empathy-focused approach / Emanuele Castano and David C. Kidd -- Personality and social interaction : interpenetrating processes / Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Jordan B. Leitner, and Ozlem Ayduk -- Attachment theory expanded : a behavioral systems approach to personality and social behavior / Mario Mikulincer and Phillip R. Shaver -- Person-by-situation perspectives on close relationships / Jeffry A. Simpson and Heike A. Winterheld -- Personality influences on group processes : the past, present, and future / Craig D. Parks -- Intergroup processes : from prejudice to positive relations between groups / Linda R.Tropp and Ludwin E. Molina -- Power as active self : from acquisition to the expression and use of power / Ana Guinote and Serena Chen -- Personality and social psychology in key life domains -- Personality, social psychology, and psychopathology : reflections on a lewinian vsion / Philip R. Costanzo, Rick H. Hoyle, and Mark R. Leary -- Individual and societal well-being / Shigehiro Oishi and Samantha J. Heintzelman -- Multicultural identity and experiences : cultural, social, and personality processes / Verónica Benet-Martínez and Angela-MinhTu D. Nguyen -- Personality and social contexts as sources of change and continuity across the life span / Abigail J. Stewart and Kay Deaux -- The social psychology of personality and leadership : a person-in-situation perspective / Daan van Knippenberg -- Work and organizations: contextualizing personality and social psychology / Deidra J. Schleicher and David V. Day -- A person x intervention strategy approach to understanding health behavior / Alexander J. Rothman and Austin S. Baldwin -- Forensic personality and social psychology / Saul Kassin and Margaret Bull Kovera -- The psychology of collective action / Lauren E. Duncan -- Social policy: barriers and opportunities for personality and social psychology / Allen M. Omoto -- Conclusion -- Personality and social psychology : the evolving state of the union / Kay Deaux and Mark Snyder

Prosocial Behaviour

Prosocial Behaviour PDF
Author: Hans-Werner Bierhoff
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135471118
Size: 44.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 1867

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How can social bonds in society be strengthened? How do we learn and develop prosocial behaviour? This comprehensive textbook provides up-to-date coverage of the social phenomenon of prosocial behaviour, incorporating all the major developments in the fields of developmental and social psychology. The first section identifies different forms of prosocial behaviour, including estimates of prevalence in everyday situations and the controversy between biological and cultural perspectives as explanatory models of prosocial behaviour. The second and third sections focus on learning and development, with emphasis on social learning, responsibility, empathy and guilt. The fourth section explores the prevalence of prosocial behaviour, in particular the situational and personality factors which inhibit urgently needed prosocial behaviour. The final section is devoted to practical applications, such as how to increase the likelihood that people will work as volunteers in community organisations and how to heighten the willingness to offer first aid. This book will be an invaluable resource for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of social psychology and sociology, as well as anyone with an interest in social services and voluntary organisations.

Moral Development And Reality

Moral Development and Reality PDF
Author: John C. Gibbs
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190878215
Size: 39.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS
Languages : en
Pages : 399
View: 1563

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Moral Development and Reality explores the nature of moral development, human behavior, and social interconnections. This fourth edition is thoroughly updated, refined, and expanded. Complete with case studies and chapter questions, it serves as a text in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in social/developmental 3sychology and human development.