The Biology Of Desire

The Biology of Desire PDF
Author: Marc Lewis
Publisher: Scribe Publications
ISBN: 1925113914
Size: 10.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 4806

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WINNER OF THE 2016 PROSE AWARD IN PSYCHOLOGY Through the vivid, true stories of five people who journeyed into and out of addiction, a renowned neuroscientist explains why the 'disease model' of addiction is wrong, and illuminates the path to recovery. The psychiatric establishment and rehab industry in the Western world have branded addiction a brain disease, based on evidence that brains change with drug use. But in The Biology of Desire, cognitive neuroscientist and former addict Marc Lewis makes a convincing case that addiction is not a disease, and shows why the disease model has become an obstacle to healing. Lewis reveals addiction as an unintended consequence of the brain doing what it's supposed to do — seek pleasure and relief — in a world that's not cooperating. Brains are designed to restructure themselves with normal learning and development, but this process is accelerated in addiction when highly attractive rewards are pursued repeatedly. Lewis shows why treatment based on the disease model so often fails, and how treatment can be retooled to achieve lasting recovery, given the realities of brain plasticity. Combining intimate human stories with clearly rendered scientific explanation, The Biology of Desire is enlightening and optimistic reading for anyone who has wrestled with addiction either personally or professionally. PRAISE FOR MARC LEWIS ‘[L]ooks at how addiction and brain science collide, and how understanding our brains can help addicts get out of the abyss … [A] very readable, often touching, gateway into the universe of neuroscience and the shadowland of addiction.’ The Sydney Morning Herald ‘The most important study of addiction to be published for many years.’ The Spectator

Science Of Desire

Science of Desire PDF
Author: Dean Hamer
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439143854
Size: 59.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 1670

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A compelling behind-the-scenes look at cutting-edge scientific inquiry, as well as a brilliant examination of the ramifications of genetic research, The Science of Desire is a lasting resource in the increasingly significant debate over the role that genetics plays in our lives. In July 1993, a scientific event made front-page news: the discovery that genetics plays a significant role in determining homosexuality. In The Science of Desire, Dean Hamer—the scientist behind the groundbreaking study—tells the inside story of how the discovery was made and what it means, not only for our understanding of sexuality, but for human behavior in general. In this accessible and remarkably clear book, Dean Hamer expands on the account of his history-making research to explore the scientific, social, and ethical issues raised by his findings. Dr. Hamer addresses such tough questions as whether it would be possible or ethical to test in utero for the gay gene; whether genetic manipulation could or should be used to alter a person's sexuality; and how a gay gene could have survived evolution. A compelling behind-the-scenes look at cutting-edge scientific inquiry, as well as a brilliant examination of the ramifications of genetic research, The Science of Desire is a lasting resource in the increasingly significant debate over the role that genetics plays in our lives.

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Author: ميشيل فوكو
Publisher: Al Manhal
ISBN:
Size: 59.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : ar
Pages : 424
View: 205

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يعتبر كتاب (الكلمات والأشياء) ليس أهم ما كتب ميشيل فوكو وعبر عن فلسفته فحسب، ولكنه كذلك أفضل شاهد على قدرة العقل في إعادة اكتشاف أنظمته المعرفية، ومراجعتها لأول مرة في تاريخ الفلسفة الحديثة خارج الأطر الإيديولوجية التي اعتادت أن تقنعها وتستخدمها. وهو الكتاب الذي يشكل في تحولات الفكر الغربي الراهنة مرجعًا أساسيًّا لفلسفة الحداثة وعَقْلنة قطائعها التاريخية الرئيسية، وصولًا إلى ما يتجاوزها هي بالذات نحو ما يسمى اليوم بالحداثة البعدية، أو بما بعد الحداثة. إن ترجمة هذا الكتاب إلى العربية في حد ذاته، يمد الثقافة العربية بمفاتيح لكشف أسرار العقل الغربي، ومنعطفات قطائعه الرئيسية التي شكلت السر الأعمق لما يُسمى بمعجزة التفوق الغربي. ودراسة العقل لوسائله المعرفية، وتقييمها، فضلًا عن كونها امتياز الحضارة الأعلى وشاهدَها الأمثل على حيويتها وقدرتها على الاحتفاظ بقدرات النهوض وتجديدها. فإنها في الوقت ذاته تجعل من الحداثة، ليس مجرد حالة تأريخية طارئة، بقدر ما هي كينونة مستمرة، ومفاجئة لوعودها بالذات. ترجمة فوكو إلى العربية مساهمة صعبة في تغيير مصطلح القراءة والكتابة، وآليات المعرفة العلمية الشائعة، كما فعل كتاب (الكلمات والأشياء) عند ظهوره في لغته الأصلية. والجهد الذي يتطلبه فهمه ومؤالفته، جهد حقيقي في تغيير عادات العقل العربي. وشروع في ممارسة ما هو الأصعب والحقيقي في مصطلح الحداثة، وتحويله من شعار شبه سياسي، إلى ممارسة العقل ذاته.

                 PDF
Author: ماركوس أوريليوس
Publisher: دار المحرر الأدبي
ISBN: 9776677401
Size: 16.39 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Fiction
Languages : ar
Pages :
View: 996

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«أيها العالَم، كلُّ شيءٍ يُلائمُني إذا لاءَمَك، وكلُّ ما هو في أوانِه بالنِّسبةِ إليكَ فهوَ كذلكَ عِندي، لا مُتقدِّمٌ لديَّ ولا مُتأخِّر. أيتُها الطبيعة، كلُّ ما تَجلِبُه مَواسِمُكِ فهو ثَمرةٌ لي؛ كلُّ شيءٍ منكِ يَأتي، وفيكِ يعيش، وإليكِ يَعود.» حينَما يُناجِي المرءُ نفسَه، فإنه يَكتبُ إليها ما لا يُعلِنُه لسِواها، ليكشِفَ الحقيقة، فيَكونَ الصدقُ عُنوانَه. في تأمُّلاتِه التي كتَبَها بعُنوانِ «إلى نفسِه» يُمثِّلُ الإمبراطورُ «ماركوس أوريليوس» رؤيةَ الفيلسوفِ حينما يكونُ إمبراطورًا؛ فبينَما كانتْ جبهةُ الدانوبِ تَضِجُّ بالحرب، عكَفَ الإمبراطورُ على تدوينِ مجموعةٍ مِنَ التأمُّلاتِ عبَّرَ فيها عمَّا يَجولُ بخاطرِه حولَ عدةِ موضوعاتٍ حياتيةٍ مُتفرِّقة، وعلى الرغمِ من أنَّه لم يُرِدْ لها أن تَخرجَ للناس، فإنها صارتْ قِبلةَ الفلاسفةِ ومَقصِدَ المُفكرِينَ والقُرَّاءِ بعدَ طباعتِها ونشرِها، ليكونَ كتابُه واحدًا مِن أهمِّ كتبِ الفلسفةِ الرُّواقية، ليس فقطْ لأنه انتقلَ بالفلسفةِ مِنَ التنظيرِ إلى التطبيق، ولكنْ لأنَّ الفيلسوفَ المؤلِّفَ حقَّقَ رؤيةَ «أفلاطونَ» في أن يكونَ الحاكمُ فيلسوفًا.

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Author: Bill Bryson
Publisher: العبيكان للنشر
ISBN: 6035033059
Size: 59.13 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : ar
Pages : 593
View: 1985

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يصف المؤلف بيل برايسون نفسه بأنه الرحالة المتردد ، ولكن حتى حين يبقى آمنًا في المنزل فإنه لا يستطيع أن يوقف فضوله حيال العالم الذي حوله . كتاب موجز تاريخ كل شيء تقريبًا هو مغامرة هدفها فهم كل شيء سبق أن حدث منذ الانفجار الكبير حتى نشوء الحضارة ؛ كيف كنا في الماضي ، وكيف وصلنا إلى ما نحن عليه . إنه رحلة تنويرية لاكتشاف العالم ، تتعدى حدود الزمان والمكان ، بحيث تكون الصورة متكاملة أكثر من ذي قبل . " يقدم الكتاب زادًا تربويًا رائعًا ، وستكون جميع المدارس أمكنة أفضل لو كان هذا الكتاب المقرر العلمي الرئيس في المناهج " تيم فلانيري ، الملحق الأدبي لجريدة التايمز العبيكان 2017

The Biology Of Sin

The Biology of Sin PDF
Author: Matthew S. Stanford
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
ISBN: 0830858598
Size: 66.77 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 166
View: 382

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The Biology of Sin discusses sinful behaviors, including adultery, rage, addiction, and homosexuality, asking: What does science say, and what does the Bible say?

Biology Of Wonder

Biology of Wonder PDF
Author: Andreas Weber
Publisher: New Society Publishers
ISBN: 1550925946
Size: 67.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 4856

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The Biology Of Alcoholism

The Biology of Alcoholism PDF
Author: Benjamin Kissin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146840895X
Size: 61.61 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 552
View: 1787

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Alcoholism is a uniquely human condition. Although some forms of alcohol dependence can be induced experimentally in a variety of laboratory animals, the complete spectrum of alcoholism with all of its physical, psychological, and social implications occurs only in man. The special quality of this relationship becomes more significant when one considers that the manifestations of most physical disease syndromes in animals and man are more similar than they are different. The uniqueness of alcoholism lies in the fact that it is one of the few physical diseases which reflects at all levels the problems of individuals coping with the complexities of human society. In order to present a more coherent picture of these complex relationships, we have attempted to impose a logical sequence upon the material. This sequence lies along a dual parameter-from the physical to the social and from the theor etical to the empirical. Consequently, it was natural for the first volume in this series to deal with biochemistry, the most basic and physical aspect of the inter action of alcohol and man. It is equally natural for this, the second volume, to deal with physiology and behavior, for these levels of phenomenology-partic ularly the latter-are already more empirical and psychological in their mani festations. Finally, the third volume, clinical pathology, describes the disease itself, with all of the medical and social implications carried in the word "alcoholism.

The Biology Of Alcoholism

The Biology of Alcoholism PDF
Author: Henri Begleiter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461335183
Size: 24.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 635
View: 2993

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The previous volume, The Pathogenesis of Alcoholism: Psychosocial Factors, attempted to describe the interaction of biological, psychological, and social factors that lead to the initiation and perpetuation of alcoholism. The preface to that volume presented our particular view of the bio-. psycho-social interaction as a progressive process in which earlier developments produce new pathogenetic mechanisms, which in turn lead to still other cyclical feedback activities. Although influences from each of the three phenomenologic levels are at work during each stage of the clinical course, it would appear that social factors are most significant in the early phase, psychological factors at the intermediate level, and biological ones toward the end. These differences are only relative, however, for influences of all three types surely are operative during all stages of the syndrome. This appears to be particularly true for the biological parameters of activity. Don Goodwin (1976), who has supplied much of the data that support the role of hereditary factors in alcoholism, is wont to say that all living behavior is biological-by definition. The operational evidence for this is perhaps more evident in alcoholism than in other syndromes. For example, the general social indifference of many Asians to alcohol may reflect the presence of an atypical isoenzyme of alcohol dehydrogenase rather than some independently derived cultural norm.