The Scientist In The Crib

The Scientist In The Crib PDF
Author: Alison Gopnik
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0061846910
Size: 23.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Family & Relationships
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 7521

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This exciting book by three pioneers in the new field of cognitive science discusses important discoveries about how much babies and young children know and learn, and how much parents naturally teach them.It argues that evolution designed us both to teach and learn, and that the drive to learn is our most important instinct. It also reveals as fascinating insights about our adult capacities and how even young children -- as well as adults -- use some of the same methods that allow scientists to learn so much about the world. Filled with surprise at every turn, this vivid, lucid, and often funny book gives us a new view of the inner life of children and the mysteries of the mind.

Handbook Of The Psychology Of Science

Handbook of the Psychology of Science PDF
Author: Gregory J. Feist, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826106242
Size: 22.55 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 544
View: 1342

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"Highly recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This handbook is the definitive resource for scholars and students interested in how research and theory within each of the major domains of psychologyódevelopmental, cognitive, personality, and socialóhave been applied to understand the nature of scientific thought and behavior. Edited by two esteemed pioneers in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science, it is the first empirically based compendium of its time. The handbook provides a comprehensive examination of how scientific thinking is learned and evolves from infancy to adolescence and adulthood, and combines developmental and cognitive approaches to show the categorical similarities and differences in thinking between children, adolescents, adults, and scientists. Chapters highlight the breadth and depth of psychological perspectives in the studies of science, from creativity and genius, gender, and conflict and cooperation, to postmodernism and psychobiography. A section on applications offers findings and ideas that can be put to use by educators, policymakers, and science administrators. Contributors examine the importance of mental models in solving difficult technical problems, and the significance of leadership and organizational structure in successful innovation. The final section of the book is devoted to the future of this new field, focusing on how to continue to develop a healthy psychology of science. Key Features: Presents the only empirically based compendium of current knowledge about the psychology of scientific thought and behavior Edited by two pioneers in the discipline of psychology of science Describes how scientific thinking is learned and changes throughout the life span Addresses creativity and genius, gender, conflict and cooperation, postmodernism, and psychobiography Covers applications of the psychology of science that can be used by educators, policymakers, and science administrators

The Science Of Play

The Science of Play PDF
Author: Susan G. Solomon
Publisher: University Press of New England
ISBN: 1611686113
Size: 37.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 4007

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Poor design and wasted funding characterize today's American playgrounds. A range of factors--including a litigious culture, overzealous safety guidelines, and an ethos of risk aversion--have created uniform and unimaginative playgrounds. These spaces fail to nurture the development of children or promote playgrounds as an active component in enlivening community space. Solomon's book demonstrates how to alter the status quo by allying data with design. Recent information from the behavioral sciences indicates that kids need to take risks; experience failure but also have a chance to succeed and master difficult tasks; learn to plan and solve problems; exercise self-control; and develop friendships. Solomon illustrates how architects and landscape architects (most of whom work in Europe and Japan) have already addressed these needs with strong, successful playground designs. These innovative spaces, many of which are more multifunctional and cost effective than traditional playgrounds, are both sustainable and welcoming. Having become vibrant hubs within their neighborhoods, these play sites are models for anyone designing or commissioning an urban area for children and their families. The Science of Play, a clarion call to use playground design to deepen the American commitment to public space, will interest architects, landscape architects, urban policy makers, city managers, local politicians, and parents.

In The Name Of Education

In the Name of Education PDF
Author: Jonas E. Alexis
Publisher: Xulon Press
ISBN: 1600347606
Size: 57.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Poetry
Languages : en
Pages : 411
View: 1915

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Alexis convincingly examines the crisis in education from a Christian perspective. (Social Issues)

Empathy In The Context Of Philosophy

Empathy in the Context of Philosophy PDF
Author: L. Agosta
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230275249
Size: 21.76 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 184
View: 4837

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Integrating continental and Anglo-American traditions, the author exposes empathy as the foundation of the being-with-one-another of human beings. The interpretation of empathy is applied to story telling, literature, and self psychology, rescuing empathy from the margins and revealing its role in the understanding of the other and human community.

Seeing The Science In Children S Thinking

Seeing the Science in Children s Thinking PDF
Author: David M. Hammer
Publisher: Heinemann
ISBN:
Size: 15.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 186
View: 1011

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Observing and listening to children while they inquire into the physical sciences is difficult. There's lots to see and hear, but unless you know what to look and listen for, you might only see a noisy blur of activity. Seeing the Science in Children's Thinking is a field guide to the science classroom with authentic examples presented in written and video form. It's a great way for staff developers to train teachers' eyes and ears to pick up the analysis and ideas of students as they occur in the wild of classroom conversations. Evidence of children's scientific thinking is all around the classroom, but it takes a skilled teacher to locate it. With Seeing the Science in Children's Thinking your teachers can sharpen their senses, discover a wealth of information about how their students approach science, and create instruction that's individualized and responsive

The Plastic Mind

The Plastic Mind PDF
Author: Sharon Begley
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1472103564
Size: 70.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 6443

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For decades, the conventional wisdom of neuroscience held that the hardware of the brain is fixed - that we are stuck with what we were born with. But recent pioneering experiments in neuroplasticity reveal that the brain is capable not only of altering its structure but also of generating new neurons, even into old age. The brain can adapt, heal, renew itself after trauma and compensate for disability. In this groundbreaking book, highly respected science writer Sharon Begley documents how this fundamental paradigm shift is transforming both our understanding of the human mind and our approach to deep-seated emotional, cognitive and behavioural problems. These breakthroughs show that it is possible to reset our happiness meter, regain the use of limbs disabled by stroke, train the mind to break cycles of depression and OCD and reverse age-related changes in the brain.

Minds And Gods

Minds and Gods PDF
Author: Todd Tremlin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019988546X
Size: 26.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 5092

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Around the world and throughout history, in cultures as diverse as ancient Mesopotamia and modern America, human beings have been compelled by belief in gods and developed complex religions around them. But why? What makes belief in supernatural beings so widespread? And why are the gods of so many different people so similar in nature? This provocative book explains the origins and persistence of religious ideas by looking through the lens of science at the common structures and functions of human thought. The first general introduction to the "cognitive science of religion," Minds and Gods presents the major themes, theories, and thinkers involved in this revolutionary new approach to human religiosity. Arguing that we cannot understand what we think until we first understand how we think, the book sets out to study the evolutionary forces that modeled the modern human mind and continue to shape our ideas and actions today. Todd Tremlin details many of the adapted features of the brain -- illustrating their operation with examples of everyday human behavior -- and shows how mental endowments inherited from our ancestral past lead many people to naturally entertain religious ideas. In short, belief in gods and the social formation of religion have their genesis in biology, in powerful cognitive processes that all humans share. In the course of illuminating the nature of religion, this book also sheds light on human nature: why we think we do the things we do and how the reasons for these things are so often hidden from view. This discussion ranges broadly across recent scientific findings in areas such as paleoanthropology, primate studies, evolutionary psychology, early brain development, and cultural transmission. While these subjects are complex, the story is told here in a conversational style that is engaging, jargon free, and accessible to all readers. With Minds and Gods , Tremlin offers a roadmap to a fascinating and growing field of study, one that is sure to generate interest and debate and provide readers with a better understanding of themselves and their beliefs.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook Of Childhood Cognitive Development

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development PDF
Author: Usha Goswami
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444351737
Size: 44.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 816
View: 4241

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This definitive volume is the result of collaboration by top scholars in the field of children's cognition. New edition offers an up-to-date overview of all the major areas of importance in the field, and includes new data from cognitive neuroscience and new chapters on social cognitive development and language Provides state-of-the-art summaries of current research by international specialists in different areas of cognitive development Spans aspects of cognitive development from infancy to the onset of adolescence Includes chapters on symbolic reasoning, pretend play, spatial development, abnormal cognitive development and current theoretical perspectives

State Of The World 2010

State of the World 2010 PDF
Author: The Worldwatch Institute
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610916298
Size: 11.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 266
View: 1024

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Like a tsunami, consumerism has engulfed human cultures and Earth’s ecosystems. Left unaddressed, we risk global disaster. But if we channel this wave, intentionally transforming our cultures to center on sustainability, we will not only prevent catastrophe, but may usher in an era of sustainability—one that allows all people to thrive while protecting, even restoring, Earth. In State of the World 2010, sixty renowned researchers and practitioners describe how we can harness the world’s leading institutions—education, the media, business, governments, traditions, and social movements—to reorient cultures toward sustainability.