Wealth And Poverty Of Nations

Wealth And Poverty Of Nations PDF
Author: David S. Landes
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0349141444
Size: 80.69 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 672
View: 7165

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The history of nations is a history of haves and have-nots, and as we approach the millennium, the gap between rich and poor countries is widening. In this engrossing and important new work, eminent historian David Landes explores the complex, fascinating and often startling causes of the wealth and poverty of nations. The answers are found not only in the large forces at work in economies: geography, religion, the broad swings of politics, but also in the small surprising details. In Europe, the invention of spectacles doubled the working life of skilled craftsmen, and played a prominent role in the creation of articulated machines, and in China, the failure to adopt the clock fundamentally hindered economic development. The relief of poverty is vital to the survival of us all. As David Landes brilliantly shows, the key to future success lies in understanding the lessons the past has to teach us - lessons uniquely imparted in this groundbreaking and vital book which exemplifies narrative history at its best.

The Wealth And Poverty Of Nations Why Some Are So Rich And Some So Poor

The Wealth and Poverty of Nations  Why Some Are So Rich and Some So Poor PDF
Author: David S. Landes
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393069815
Size: 70.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 688
View: 2470

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"Readers cannot but be provoked and stimulated by this splendidly iconoclastic and refreshing book." —Andrew Porter, New York Times Book Review The Wealth and Poverty of Nations is David S. Landes's acclaimed, best-selling exploration of one of the most contentious and hotly debated questions of our time: Why do some nations achieve economic success while others remain mired in poverty? The answer, as Landes definitively illustrates, is a complex interplay of cultural mores and historical circumstance. Rich with anecdotal evidence, piercing analysis, and a truly astonishing range of erudition, The Wealth and Poverty of Nations is a "picture of enormous sweep and brilliant insight" (Kenneth Arrow) as well as one of the most audaciously ambitious works of history in decades.

A Short Treatise On The Wealth And Poverty Of Nations 1613

A Short Treatise on the Wealth and Poverty of Nations  1613  PDF
Author: Antonio Serra
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 085728973X
Size: 30.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 4205

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Although no less an authority than Joseph A. Schumpeter proclaimed that Antonio Serra was the world's first economist, he remains something of a dark horse of economic historiography. Nearly nothing is known about Serra except that he wrote and died in jail, and his Short Treatise is so rare that only nine original copies are known to have survived the ravages of time. What, then, can a book written nearly four centuries ago tell us about the problems we now face? Serra's key insight, studying the economies of Venice and Naples, was that wealth was not the result of climate or providence but of policies and strategies for competitively developing some economic activities rather than others, particularly manufactures, subject to increasing returns to scale and a large division of labour. Through a very systematic taxonomy of economic life, Serra then went on from this insight to theorize the causes of the wealth of nations and the measures through which a weak, dependent economy could achieve worldly melioration. At a time when leading economists return to biological explanations for the failure of their theories, the Short Treatise can remind us that there are elements of history which numbers and graphs cannot convey or encompass, and that there are less despondent lessons to be learned from our past. Serra's remarkable treatise is introduced by a lengthy and illuminating study of his historical context and legacy for the theoretical and cultural history of economics and for the economic strategies of nations.

The Wealth Of The World And The Poverty Of Nations

The Wealth of the World and the Poverty of Nations PDF
Author: Daniel Cohen
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262032537
Size: 72.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 136
View: 2274

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"Globalization" has become a loaded term. Should we in the West believe, literally, that trade with poor nations can be blamed for our "impoverishment"? In this book, Daniel Cohen claims that there is practically no foundation for such an alarmist position. We need to reverse the commonly held view that globalization has caused today's insecure labor market. On the contrary, Cohen argues, our own propensity for transforming the nature of work has created a niche for globalization and given it an ominous aspect, causing some to reject it. Such errors in analysis must not persist; as Cohen says, the stakes are too high.

Essays In Development Economics Wealth And Poverty

Essays in Development Economics  Wealth and poverty PDF
Author: University Professor Senior Fellow in International Economics at the Council on Foreign Relations Jagdish N Bhagwati
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262022293
Size: 32.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 319
View: 6746

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Essays in Development Economics collects many of Jagdish Bhagwati's writings that have established him as a major postwar developmental economist. The selection is diverse and highlights the close relationship and mutual reinforcement in Bhagwati's research between economic theory, empirical validation, and policy debate. Volume I, Wealth and Poverty, addresses domestic or internal development problems. Its 22 essays are divided into five parts covering Development Theory and Strategy; Economic Structure: Regularities and Explanations; Class Structure, Poverty, and Redistrbution; Technology and Employment; and Eminent Economists: Sketches and Commentary. Volume 2, Dependence and Interdependence, deals with international or external problems and its 20 essays are in four parts covering North-South Issues; Developmental Strategy: Import Substitution versus Export Promotion; Foreign Assistance; and International Migration and Investment. Within each volume, the essays are topically grouped and preceded by brief introductions by the author discussing his current views of the nature of the contributions and the relationship among them. In several cases, previously unpublished papers or postscripts to previously published papers have been added to round out the sections. Jagdish N. Bhagwati is Arthur Lehman Professor of Economics and Director of the International Economics Research Center at Columbia University. Essays in Development Economics, in conjunction with the two-volume work, Essays in International Economic Theory (edited by Robert C. Feenstra, MIT Press), constitute a comprehensive selection of Bhagwati's influential and important contributions to the theory and policy of development and of international trade. Gene M. Grossman is Assistant Professor of Economics and International Affairs, Princeton University.

Iq And The Wealth Of Nations

IQ and the Wealth of Nations PDF
Author: Richard Lynn
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275975104
Size: 15.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 298
View: 4514

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Lynn and Vanhanen argue that a significant part of the gap between rich and poor countries is due to differences in national intelligence (national IQs). Based on an extensive survey of national IQ tests, the results of their study challenge the previous theories of economic development and provide a new basis to evaluate the prospects of economic development throughout the world.

Energy And The Wealth Of Nations

Energy and the Wealth of Nations PDF
Author: Charles A. S. Hall
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441993984
Size: 74.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 407
View: 1424

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For the past 150 years, economics has been treated as a social science in which economies are modeled as a circular flow of income between producers and consumers. In this “perpetual motion” of interactions between firms that produce and households that consume, little or no accounting is given of the flow of energy and materials from the environment and back again. In the standard economic model, energy and matter are completely recycled in these transactions, and economic activity is seemingly exempt from the Second Law of Thermodynamics. As we enter the second half of the age of oil, and as energy supplies and the environmental impacts of energy production and consumption become major issues on the world stage, this exemption appears illusory at best. In Energy and the Wealth of Nations, concepts such as energy return on investment (EROI) provide powerful insights into the real balance sheets that drive our “petroleum economy.” Hall and Klitgaard explore the relation between energy and the wealth explosion of the 20th century, the failure of markets to recognize or efficiently allocate diminishing resources, the economic consequences of peak oil, the EROI for finding and exploiting new oil fields, and whether alternative energy technologies such as wind and solar power meet the minimum EROI requirements needed to run our society as we know it. This book is an essential read for all scientists and economists who have recognized the urgent need for a more scientific, unified approach to economics in an energy-constrained world, and serves as an ideal teaching text for the growing number of courses, such as the authors’ own, on the role of energy in society.

Elementary Principles Of Economics

Elementary Principles of Economics PDF
Author: Irving Fisher
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
ISBN: 1602069557
Size: 62.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 564
View: 4776

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From America's first celebrated economist comes this 1912 textbook with a succinct yet highly informative introduction to economics as it was understood and practiced in the early 20th century. Fisher provides in-depth discussions of basic topics including: . wealth, property, and income . credit and debt . currency, prices, and monetary systems . supply and demand, capital and labor . poverty . and more. American economist IRVING FISHER (1867-1947) was professor of political economy at Yale University. Among his many books are The Rate of Interest (1907), Why Is the Dollar Shrinking? A Study in the High Cost of Living (1914), and Booms and Depressions (1932).