Writing Captivity In The Early Modern Atlantic

Writing Captivity in the Early Modern Atlantic PDF
Author: Lisa Voigt
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 0807838780
Size: 66.41 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 218

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Drawing on texts written by and about European and Euro-American captives in a variety of languages and genres, Lisa Voigt explores the role of captivity in the production of knowledge, identity, and authority in the early modern imperial world. The practice of captivity attests to the violence that infused relations between peoples of different faiths and cultures in an age of extraordinary religious divisiveness and imperial ambitions. But as Voigt demonstrates, tales of Christian captives among Muslims, Amerindians, and hostile European nations were not only exploited in order to emphasize cultural oppositions and geopolitical hostilities. Voigt's examination of Spanish, Portuguese, and English texts reveals another early modern discourse about captivity--one that valorized the knowledge and mediating abilities acquired by captives through cross-cultural experience. Voigt demonstrates how the flexible identities of captives complicate clear-cut national, colonial, and religious distinctions. Using fictional and nonfictional, canonical and little-known works about captivity in Europe, North Africa, and the Americas, Voigt exposes the circulation of texts, discourses, and peoples across cultural borders and in both directions across the Atlantic.

Piracy And Captivity In The Mediterranean

Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean PDF
Author: Mario Klarer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351207970
Size: 52.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 3910

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Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean explores the early modern genre of European Barbary Coast captivity narratives from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. During this period, the Mediterranean Sea was the setting of large-scale corsairing that resulted in the capture or enslavement of Europeans and Americans by North African pirates, as well as of North Africans by European forces, turning the Barbary Coast into the nemesis of any who went to sea. Through a variety of specifically selected narrative case studies, this book displays the blend of both authentic eye witness accounts and literary fictions that emerged against the backdrop of the tumultuous Mediterranean Sea. A wide range of other primary sources, from letters to ransom lists and newspaper articles to scientific texts, highlights the impact of piracy and captivity across key European regions, including France, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Scandinavia, and Britain, as well as the United States and North Africa. Divided into four parts and offering a variety of national and cultural vantage points, Piracy and Captivity in the Mediterranean addresses both the background from which captivity narratives were born and the narratives themselves. It is essential reading for scholars and students of early modern slavery and piracy.

British Captives From The Mediterranean To The Atlantic 1563 1760

British Captives from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic  1563 1760 PDF
Author: Nabil Matar
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004264507
Size: 66.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 350
View: 7565

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In British Captives from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic, 1563-1760, Nabil Matar furnishes a list of the names of all captives in the British archive and presents a chronological study of the historical and social background of British captivity.

Naked And Alone In A Strange New World

Naked and Alone in a Strange New World PDF
Author: Benjamin Mark Allen
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443816051
Size: 61.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 185
View: 1287

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Naked and Alone is a comparative analysis of early modern captivity narratives that chronicle the harrowing experiences of a few Iberians and one Hessian in the New World during the century of exploration and colonization. Included among them are the tales of Jerónimo de Aguilar and Gonzalo Guerrero, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca , Juan Ortiz, Hans Stade, and Francisco Núñez de Pineda y Bascuñán. After years of captivity that stripped the unfortunate men of their cultural identity, they eventually reunited with their countrymen to relate and record tales that rivaled the heroic epics. The authors thus provided most Europeans with a first glimpse into exotic New World societies considered strange and perhaps even diabolical by the colonizers. At the same time, most contemporaries used the narratives as justification for imperial prerogatives although the captives themselves came away with a deeper understanding of and appreciation for their Indian captors. Although considered by some early historians as reliable texts, the captivity narratives are rejected by this author as historically accurate depictions of the experiences—faulty memories, contemporary myth, and the authors’ subjectivity greatly impeded the veracity. He instead argues that the texts are cultural artifacts that offer useful insight to the mentalities of the age. In order to construct a histoire des mentalities, the author incorporates anthropological perspectives of myth and employs textual/contextual analysis to unlock the deeper meanings often obscured by the literary imagery. What results is an interpretation that aids understanding of sixteenth-century peoples and societies, and of the post-colonial American cultures most directly influenced by them.

Early Modern Virginia

Early Modern Virginia PDF
Author: Douglas Bradburn
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 0813931703
Size: 12.27 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 6965

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This collection of essays on seventeenth-century Virginia, the first such collection on the Chesapeake in nearly twenty-five years, highlights emerging directions in scholarship and helps set a new agenda for research in the next decade and beyond. The contributors represent some of the best of a younger generation of scholars who are building on, but also criticizing and moving beyond, the work of the so-called Chesapeake School of social history that dominated the historiography of the region in the 1970s and 1980s. Employing a variety of methodologies, analytical strategies, and types of evidence, these essays explore a wide range of topics and offer a fresh look at the early religious, political, economic, social, and intellectual life of the colony. Contributors Douglas Bradburn, Binghamton University, State University of New York * John C. Coombs, Hampden-Sydney College * Victor Enthoven, Netherlands Defense Academy * Alexander B. Haskell, University of California Riverside * Wim Klooster, Clark University * Philip Levy, University of South Florida * Philip D. Morgan, Johns Hopkins University * William A. Pettigrew, University of Kent * Edward DuBois Ragan, Valentine Richmond History Center * Terri L. Snyder, California State University, Fullerton * Camilla Townsend, Rutgers University * Lorena S. Walsh, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

Richard Hakluyt And Travel Writing In Early Modern Europe

Richard Hakluyt and Travel Writing in Early Modern Europe PDF
Author: Professor Claire Jowitt
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409461742
Size: 76.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 398
View: 3694

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Richard Hakluyt, best known as editor of The Principal Navigations (1589; expanded 1598-1600), was a key figure in promoting early modern English colonial and commercial expansion. His work spanned every area of English activity and aspiration, from Muscovy to America, from Africa to the Near East, and India to China and Japan, providing up-to-date information and establishing an ideological framework for English rivalries with Spain, Portugal, France, and the Netherlands. This interdisciplinary collection of 24 essays brings together the best international scholarship on Hakluyt, revising our picture of the influences on his work, his editorial practice and his impact.

Representing Women S Political Identity In The Early Modern Iberian World

Representing Women   s Political Identity in the Early Modern Iberian World PDF
Author: Jeremy Roe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351010107
Size: 78.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 340
View: 2841

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By exploring textual, visual and material culture, this volume presents a range of new research into the experiences, agencies and diverse political identities of Iberian women between the fifteenth and early-eighteenth century. Representing Women’s Political Identity in the Early Modern Iberian World explores how the political identities of Iberian women were represented in various forms of visual culture including: religious paintings and portraiture; costume; and devotional and funerary sculpture. This study examines the transmission of Iberian culture and its concepts of identity to locations such as Peru, Goa and Mexico, providing a rich insight into Iberia’s complex history and legacy. The collection of essays explores the lives of protagonists, which vary from queens and members of the nobility to painters and nuns, allowing for a more nuanced understanding of both the elite and non-elite woman’s experience in Spain, Portugal and their overseas realms during the early modern period. By addressing the significance of gender alongside the visual representation of political ideology and identity, this book is an invaluable source for students and researchers of early modern Iberia and the history of women.

Puritans And Catholics In The Trans Atlantic World 1600 1800

Puritans and Catholics in the Trans Atlantic World 1600 1800 PDF
Author: Crawford Gribben
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137368985
Size: 28.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 247
View: 2293

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For many English puritans, the new world represented new opportunities for the reification of reformation, if not a site within which they might begin to experience the conditions of the millennium itself. For many Irish Catholics, by contrast, the new world became associated with the experience of defeat, forced transportation, indentured service, cultural and religious loss. And yet, as the chapters in this volume demonstrate, the Atlantic experience of puritans and Catholics could be much less bifurcated than some of the established scholarly narratives have suggested: puritans and Catholics could co-exist within the same trans-Atlantic families; Catholics could prosper, just as puritans could experience financial decline; and Catholics and puritans could adopt, and exchange, similar kinds of belief structures and practical arrangements, even to the extent of being mistaken for each other. This volume investigates the history of Puritans and Catholics in the Atlantic world, 1600-1800.

Theorising The Ibero American Atlantic

Theorising the Ibero American Atlantic PDF
Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900425806X
Size: 27.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 6766

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Theorising the Ibero-American Atlantic offers fresh and challenging perspectives on the Atlantic turn in Hispanic and Latin American studies. Contributors, while mindful of its limits, explore and establish the viability and value of the Ibero-American Atlantic as a framework of enquiry.